Silene scouleri
Photo Credit Rod Gilbert

Contents

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom - Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class - Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  • Subclass - Caryophyllidae
  • Order - Caryophyllales
  • Family - Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
  • Genus - Silene L. – catchfly
  • Species - Silene scouleri Hook. – simple campion

[1]

Description

General: Erect perennial herb from a simple to branched crown, the stems several, up to 8 dm. tall, densely pubescent throughout and glandular above.

Leaves: Leaves opposite, numerous, the basal slender-petiolate, the blades oblanceolate, up to 15 cm. long and 3 cm. wide; cauline leaves 2-8 pairs, reduced gradually upward, becoming sessile above.

Flowers: Flowers numerous, the inflorescence narrow and elongate, consisting of a series of small, congested, lateral cymes; calyx broadly tubular, 5-lobed, 10-18 mm. long; corolla greenish-white to purplish, the claw of the petal 7-16 mm. long, the blade flaring, 4-8 mm. long, from bi-lobed to nearly equally 4-lobed, with 2 appendages at the base, 1-3 mm. long; ovary with a stalk 3-6 mm. long, puberulent to woolly; stamens 10; styles 3.

Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.

[2]

Bloom Period

June - August [3]

Distribution

British Columbia to California, east to Montana and New Mexico [4]

Habitat

Prairies and open timberland, low to moderate elevations [5]

Uses

unknown

Propagation

Store seeds in refrigerator. Time to germination: 7 days. High percentage germination recorded. [6]

Photo Gallery

photo credit Rod Gilbert

References

  1. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SISC7
  2. http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  3. http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  4. http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  5. http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  6. Butler, Jennifer; Frieswyk, Christin. 2001. Propagation protocol for production of Silene scouleri seeds; USDI NPS - Rocky Mountain National Park, Estes Park, Colorado. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 14 May 2012). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.