photo credit GD Carr

Contents

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom - Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class - Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  • Subclass - Asteridae
  • Order - Asterales
  • Family - Asteraceae – Aster family
  • Genus - Solidago L. – goldenrod
  • Species - Solidago missouriensis Nutt. – Missouri goldenrod

[1]

Description

General: Glabrous perennial from a creeping rhizome, 2-9 dm. tall.

Leaves: Leaves tending to be triple-nerved, the basal ones oblanceolate, up to 30 cm. long and 3 cm. wide, the others smaller and becoming sessile upward.

Flowers: Involucre 3-5 mm. high; rays usually 8, yellow.

Bloom Period

Late June-October

Distribution

Southern British Columbia and western Washington, east to Ontario and Tennesse.

Habitat

Rather dry, open places, from the valleys and plains to fairly high elevations in the mountains.

Uses

Native Americans chewed leaves and flowers of this plant to relieve sore throats, and chewed roots to relieve toothache. [2]

Propagation

Plants established by seedlings can be started by sowing seed in containers in January and placed in a greenhouse. Seed should be covered lightly with soil and kept moist until germination. A layer of pea gravel can be applied to the soil surface to prevent seeds from floating. Seeds planted in this manner will begin germination about Day 7 and complete germination by Day 14. [3]

Photo Gallery

photo credit Rod Gilbert

References

  1. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SOMI2
  2. Stubbendieck, J., S.L. Hatch and L.M. Landholt. 2003. North American Wildland Plants: A Field Guide. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.
  3. Skinner, D. 2004. Propagation protocol for production of container Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Plants; USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman, WA.