Viola praemorsa, Violaceae, Canary violet, Yellow Montane Violet, Viola nuttallii

Contents

Taxonomy

Description

General: Perennial from short, erect rhizomes, the stems up to 15 cm. long. Leaves: Leaf blades conspicuously hairy, thick and fleshy, entire, ovate-lanceolate, 5-10 cm. long; petiole 5-15 cm. long; stipules attached to the petiole, the free portion few-toothed.

Flowers: Flowers with peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 8-15 mm. long, yellow, the upper petals brownish-backed, the lower 3 penciled with brownish-purple, the lateral pair bearded; style head bearded, rounded.

Fruit: Fruit a hairy, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Bloom Period

April-July

Distribution

Chiefly west of the Cascades, British Columbia to California.

Habitat

Ecological Setting-Drier areas, valleys and prairies at low elevations. Moisture Regime-Moist Shade Tolerance-Intolerant

Uses

Propagation

Crop Intervals Perennial

Seed

Photo Gallery

References