Discussion of perception in individuals
Perception is, on a basic level, the process of both receiving and interpreting factual knowledge. Whether it refers directly to sensory data or knowledge passed on to an individual from some indirect source such as the media, perception involves both the act of receiving the information and the implication that one's individual bias has likely colored the resulting conclusions.
Discussion of perception in society
There are two ways in which one can discuss the concept of perception on a collective level. The first dynamic is the consideration of the transmission and reception of ideas on a group level, and the bias which a group as a whole uses as a lens through which to view facts. The second paradigm through which to discuss the issue is as an accumulation of individual perceptions, and the ways in which the individual perceptions interact to form a group mindset.
How it currently works
In our current situation, most people interpret factual information through a series of lenses. Individuals receive information from secondary sources such as mass media outlets, whom already passed the factual data through individual and group perception, and then the individuals take this post-perception information and pass it through their own perception process.
The issue with any interpretation of factual data is that it is a process of turning objective data into subjective data. Without careful management of the subjective side of this process, bias and personal beliefs can slant the discussion to the point where the original factual data is largely obscured.
Idealized version of how the capability would work in society
In an ideal situation, the differences between individual perceptions of the same objective facts would contrast one another in a group setting, starting as a discussion point to come up with more objective inferences and interpretations. In it's most advantageous incarnation, rather than a select group determining the mode of discussion on issues in the media, a more collective effort and interpretation would arise and limit the unchecked and unexamined bias which is a natural drawback to small groups taking charge of the discussion.