Anaphalis margaritacea

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Anaphalis margaritacea
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Names: pearly everlasting
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Gnaphalium margaritaceum
  • Codon: ANAMAR

Photo by Rod Gilbert. Also featured on Main Page


Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Anaphalis DC.
Species: Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth.
  • Anaphalis occidentalis (Greene) A. Heller
  • Gnaphalium margaritaceum L.


Plant Description

Dioecious, perennial, rhizomatous herb with woolly stems and globular pseudanthia, growing to 90 cm tall. Leaves cauline, alternate, sessile, lanceolate to linear, woolly (mostly below), greenish grey to whitish. Inflorescences are racemous, crowded and often flattened, appearing umbellate. Pseudanthia to 1 cm wide with persistent white bracts. Flowers discoid. Fruits are achenes with stubby projections.[2][3][4]

Bloom Period

July through September.[2]


Widely distributed throughout Washington; occurring throughout North America except for portions of Midwest and Southeast.[2]


Dry to seasonally moist open areas.[2]


In folk medicine, it is used as a salve for burns. (Strickland)[5]


[Propagation protocol from USDA NRCS]

Anaphalis margaritacea, photo: Lisa Hintz


Anaphalis margaritacea with pappus, photo: Lisa Hintz

Seed sample from 2010

Average Measurement: 0.6 x 0.2 x 0.2

Measurement Range: L: 0.4 - 0.75, W: 0.1 - 0.3, D: 0.1 - 0.3


Shape: Seeds somewhat ribbed. Right above hilum, seed narrows considerably before flaring out again.

Color: Seed is brown. Hilum is glossy and puckered, lighter colored that rest of seed.

Additional Features: Pappus of downy white hairs significantly longer that seed itself.

Surface: Seed covered in clear globules and is slightly lustrous.

Could be confused with: Antennaria howellii

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ANMA-lat-crosssection.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ANMA-long-crosssection.png

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  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from
  3. Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, S. (2016). Vascular Plants of the South Sound Prairies. p. 71
  4. Jepson Herbarium Online Flora
  5. Native Plants of North America.” Retrieved from