Drymocallis glandulosa

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Latin Name: Drymocallis glandulosa subsp. glandulosa
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Common Names: sticky cinquefoil, Douglas's cinquefoil
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Potentilla glandulosa, D. glandulosa vars. reflexa, wrangelliana.
  • Codon: DRYGLA

Taxonomy

Drymocallis glandulosa var. glandulosa
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosanae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Drymocallis Fourr. ex Rydb.
Species: Drymocallis glandulosa (Lindl.) Ryb
Subspecies: Drymocallis glandulosa var. glandulosa (Lindl. Ryb)

Description

Tufted glandular perennial herb with reddish stems.[1]

Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme, rotate flowers 5-petalled, corolla and calyx spreading to reflexed, in this subspecies, white or yellow petals slightly shorter than sepals.[2]

Leaves are alternate, stipulate, odd-pinnate compound.[2]

Fruit is a glabrous achene.[2]

Bloom Period

June - August[1]

Distribution

BC and south to California, on both sides of the Cascades, and east to Montana.[2]

Habitat

Ecological Setting Sticky cinquefoil occurs in a wide variety of habitat types Soil Texture Medium textured, well-drained loam Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate shade tolerance. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates shade.

Successional Status: Sticky cinquefoil is an early-seral, shade-intolerant species that establishes and/or increases following fire, logging, and grazing. Sticky cinquefoil is not a common component of mature forest vegetation. However, it can persist on old fields for several decades after abandonment.[3]

Uses

Nlaka'pamux use of decoction as a general tonic, and a stimulant tonic. [4]

Propagation

Cold stratification not required. Sticky cinquefoil seeds are stimulated to germinate by warm temperatures, and germination may be enhanced by a stratification period. Sticky cinquefoil germinates on bare soil in full sun and often germinates profusely following scarification resulting from either mechanical treatments or heavy livestock use. In a greenhouse, fresh, untreated sticky cinquefoil seeds germinated 9 days after being sown.[3]

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Drymocallis%20glandulosa
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Reeves, Sonja L. 2008. Potentilla glandulosa. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/potgla/all.html [2020, June 2].
  4. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=potentilla+glandulosa