Eriophyllum lanatum

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Eriophyllum lanatum
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Names: common woolly sunflower
  • Codon: ERILAN

Photo by Richard Old, also featured on Main Page


Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Eriophyllum Lag.
Species: Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) Forbes



Silvery-woolly perennial herb, often with several stems, growing to 60 cm tall.[2] Leaves usually opposite, sometimes alternate,[2] entire to pinnatifid, to 8 cm long.[3] Pseudanthia radiate, usually solitary and long-pedunculate;[4] phyllaries broad, involucre 6-12 mm tall;[3] ray florets 4-13, yellow and fertile; disk florets yellow, fertile; pappus of chaffy scales;[5] style branched, stigmas 2,[5] ovary inferior, becoming slender, 4-angled achenes.[3]

Bloom Period



Common on both sides of the Cascades from British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Utah.[3]


Low to high elevation open areas that are dry and often rocky.[3]


Wildlife: Butterflies - attracts orange sulfur red admiral comma and skipper butterflies.[6]

First Nations: Miwok use as a poultice for treating aches; Skagit use of leaves to prevent chapping; Chehalis use of dried leaves as a love medicine.[7]


May be collected as: Seeds. Collect whole fruiting heads when fruit is completely ripe from mid-summer to early fall. Collection restrictions or guidelines: None: common and unlisted Seed germination: Good germination after cold storage and fall planting in cold frames Seed life: Many years when well stored Recommended seed storage conditions: Dry down to 5-8% moisture. Store cold at 0-2°C. Propagation recommendations: Good germination from seed. Soil or medium requirements: Recommendation 1:1:1:2 sand:pumice:peat moss:fir bark Installation form: Direct seeding into site may reduce seedling dormancy or loss. Recommended planting density: Dense and patchy Care requirements after installed: Good drought tolerance, no after care with appropriate planting time. Normal rate of growth or spread; lifespan: Rapidly occupies a restoration site. Long-lived.[8]

Native Plant Network Propagation Protocol

Photo Gallery


-Archibald C. 2006. Seed production protocols for Anaphalis margaritacea, Eriophyllum lanatum, and Eriogonum umbellatum. Native Plants Journal 7(1):47–51. -Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, 2006, -Hunt, John W.; Boul , Rachelle D. ; Brown , Matthew R. ; Koenig , David A.; Leigh , Mark ; Pushnik, James C. 2006. Propagation protocol for production of container Eriophyllum lanatum plants (Potted nursery stock ); CSU, Chico Research Foundation, Chico, California. In: Native Plant Network. URL: (accessed 11 April 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery. -Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2004. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia []. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. -Kozloff, E., 2005. “Plants of Western Oregon, Washington and British Columbia”, Timber Press, Portland -The Native Plant Network, -USDA, PLANTS database. -Vance, N., Neill, A., Morton, F., 2006. Native grass seeding and forb planting establishment. Native Plants Journal 7(1):35-46 Data compiled by: Sierra Smith 4/11/06

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from
  2. 2.0 2.1 Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, S. (2016). Vascular Plants of the South Sound Prairies. p. 72.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from
  4. Flora of North America. Retrieved from
  5. 5.0 5.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 577-578.
  6. Native Plants of North America. Retrieved from
  7. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from
  8. University of Washington. Retrieved from