Ligusticum apiifolium

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Latin Name: Ligusticum apiifolium
  • Family: Apiaceae
  • Common Names: celery-leaf wild lovage, parsely-leaf wild lovage
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Cynapium apiifolium
  • Codon: LIGAPI

Taxonomy

Ligusticum apiifolium
Photo by Rod Gilbert, 2006, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Ligusticum L.
Species: Ligusticum apiifolium (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray

Description


Taprooted perennial herb, 4-15 dm tall.

Dissected leaves, leaflets also deeply pinnately lobed, petiole generally 1-3 dm.

Inflorescence of compound umbels, involucre and involucel both absent or inconspicuous. Pedicels unequal, rays of umbel usually 12-30, flowers white, petals five.

Ribs of fruit are wingless, carpophore bifid (divided into two) to base, stylopodium conic.[1]

Bloom Period

May-July.[2]


Distribution

Lowland west Cascades, southern Olympic Peninsula, and southern Puget Trough to California.[1]


Habitat

Lowland wooded slopes, prairies, and fencerows.[1]


Uses

Karuk use as of infusion of roots to stimulate apetite.[3]

Pomo use of root decoction for pulmonary hemorrhage.[4]

Kashaya Pomo use of root decoction for anemia.[4]

Ecological

Host plant for Agonopterix rosaciliella moth.[5]


Propagation

No treatment needed to propagate by seed.[5]


Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 4.5 x 2.1 x 1.4

Measurement Range: L: 4 – 5, W: 2 – 2.5, D: 1 – 2

Ligusticum apiifolium seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz

Features

Shapes: Seeds have two distinct seed faces. One side is more flattened or concave, and the other is more convex. Hilum tapered, opposite apex rounded. Color: Entire seed several shades of brown.

Surface: One seed face has several distinct ridges running longitudinally from hilum to opposite apex. The other seed face has one longitudinal white line running from hilum to opposite apex. Seeds sometimes wrinkled or slightly bumpy, and somewhat lustrous.

Latitudinal Cross Section: ovate LIAP lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LIAP long.png

Photo Gallery


References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Ligusticum%20apiifolium
  3. Schenck, Sara M. and E. W. Gifford, 1952, Karok Ethnobotany, Anthropological Records 13(6):377-392, page 387
  4. 4.0 4.1 Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Ligusticum+apiifolium
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lovage, Ligusticum apiifolium. California Native Plant Society. https://calscape.org/Ligusticum-apiifolium-().