Silene douglasii

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Silene douglasii var. douglassii
  • Family: Caryophyllaceae
  • Common Names: Douglas's silene
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Silene douglasii var. monantha, Silene monantha, Silene multicaulis
  • Codon: SILDOU

Photo by Ben Legler, 2004, also featured on Main Page

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllanae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene L.
Species: Silene douglasii Hook
Variety: Silene douglasii var.douglasii

[1]

Description

Tufted perennial, basal leaves matted, long-petiolate, oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-5 cm. long and 2-7 mm. wide; cauline leaves 1-8 pairs, becoming smaller and sessile above.

Flowers: Flowers few, with linear bracts, often remote; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, 12-15 mm. long, becoming papery and enlarged in fruit; petals 5, creamy-white, greenish, pink or purplish; claw 8-12 mm long, the blade oblong, 4-6 mm. long, bi-lobed about ¼ the length; blade appendages 2, oblong, 1 mm. long; ovary stalk 3-4 mm. long; stamens 10; styles 3.

Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.

[2]

Bloom Period

Late May - July [2]

Distribution

B.C. to California, in the Cacsades and Olympic Mountains, east to western Montana, Nevada and Utah.[3]

Habitat

Sagebrush plains to mountain slopes [3]

Uses

Nɨwɨ medicine, warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.

Diné medicine, cold infusion used as lotion for coyote bites on man, sheep or horse. [4]

Propagation

Easily propagated by cutting or seed [5]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=20065#null
  2. 2.0 2.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  4. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Silene%20douglasii
  5. http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=SIDO