Triteleia hyacinthina

From Puget Prairie Plants
Photo: Ben Legler 2004
  • Scientific Name: Tritelia hyacinthina (Lindl.) Greene
  • Family: Asparagaceae.
  • Common Names: fools' onion, hyacinth brodiaea, hyacinth triplet-Lily, white Brodiaea
  • Codon: TRIHYA
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Brodiaea hyacinthina

Taxonomy

Triteleia hyacinthina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Lilianae
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Genus: Triteleia Lindl.
Species: Triteleia hyacinthina (Lindl.) Greene

Description

Scapose herbs growing from fibrous corms. 6 tepals alike. Flowers few to many in an open, bracteate umbel, perianth 6-16mm, connate up to half the length. white or tinged with blue, the tube shallowly bowl-shaped, lobes with a narrow green midvein. Stamens 6, anthers pale yellow, rarely blue, filaments triangular, confluent at their bases. Leaves 1-2, flat but keeled beneath, 3-10 mm broad and up to 4 dm long, not withered by flowering. Fruit is a three-celled capsule, with a stype nearly as long. [1][2]

Bloom Period

May-August[2]

Distribution

Southwest BC to coastal California, from coast inland to Idaho and eastern Oregon.[1]

Habitat

Sagebrush deserts and grassy, open, and often rocky areas from low to mid-elevations in the mountains.[2]

Uses

Food and Medicine: Ethnobotanical records of Pomo peoples and other nations eating the corms baked or boiled.[3]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Triteleia%20hyacinthina
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=triteleia