Difference between revisions of "Agoseris grandiflora"

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'''''Agoseris grandiflora''''', commonly known as bigflower agoseris, grassland agoseris, or sometimes California dandelion, is a flowering plant in the Asteracae family.
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{{Taxobox
<br><br>'''Synonyms:'''  
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| name = Agoseris grandiflora | image= Agoseris grandiflora2.jpg
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| image_alt =Agoseris grandiflora
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| image_caption = Agoseris grandiflora
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteridae
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| ordo = Asterales
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| familia = Asteraceae
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| genus = ''Agoseris grandiflora'' (Nutt.) Greene
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| species = 'Agoseris grandiflora'' (Nutt.) Greene
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| binomial =
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| binomial_authority =
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| synonyms =
 
*''Agoseris laciniata''  
 
*''Agoseris laciniata''  
 
*''Stylopappus grandiflorus''
 
*''Stylopappus grandiflorus''
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*''Agoseris obtusifolia''  
 
*''Agoseris obtusifolia''  
 
*''Agoseris plebeia''  
 
*''Agoseris plebeia''  
*''Stylopappus grandiflorus Nutt.''<ref>[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/waflora/checklist.php?Taxon=Agoseris%20grandiflora%20var.%20grandiflora Washington Flora Checklist]</ref>
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*''Stylopappus grandiflorus Nutt.'<ref>[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/waflora/checklist.php?Taxon=Agoseris%20grandiflora%20var.%20grandiflora Washington Flora Checklist]</ref>
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}}
  
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'''Common name:''' bigflower agoseris, grassland agoseris, goat-chicory, grand mountain dandelion, large-flower false-dandelion, Mountain Dandelion, Shortbeak Agoserisor sometimes California dandelion, is a herbaceous flowering plant in the Asteracae family.
  
[[File:Agoseris grandiflora2.jpg|right|300px|Agoseris grandiflora]]
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'''Abbreviation Code (Codon):''' AGGR
  
 
===Taxonomy===
 
*Kingdom Plantae – Plants
 
*Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
 
*Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
 
*Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
 
*Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
 
*Subclass Asteridae
 
*Order Asterales
 
*Family Asteraceae – Aster family
 
*Genus Agoseris Raf. – agoseris
 
*Species Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene – bigflower agoseris
 
 
===Description===
 
===Description===
Scapose, stout perennial, 2-7 dm. tall, somewhat hairy when young, the juice milky, with basal, oblanceolate to broadly linear pinnatifid leaves (10-25 cm. long and 1-3 cm. wide.  Large flower head with many yellow flowers, involucre 1.5-4 cm. high, its outer bracts broad and short, the inner narrower and elongate; corollas all ligulate.  Produces fruits with achene body 4-7 mm. long, tapering to a slender beak 2-4 times as long.  <ref name="UW">[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php WTU Plants Profiles]</ref>
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Scapose and stout perennial, 20-70 cm tall, with basal, oblanceolate to broadly linear pinnatifid leaves typically 10-40 cm. long and 1-3 cm. wide.  The juice milky and hairy when young, becoming hairless with age.  Large, yellow, multi-flowered head appearing almost as a single flower such as in the common dandelion.  This head is about 1.5-4 cm. high, its outer bracts broad and short, the inner narrower and elongate; corollas all ligulate.  Produces fruits with achene body 4-7 mm. long, tapering to a slender beak 2-4 times as long.  <ref name="UW">[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php WTU Plants Profiles]</ref> <ref>[http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=250066035 eFlora, Flora of North America]</ref>Look-alikes: ''Microseris borealis'', ''Agoseris glauca  (Pursh) Raf.  var. laciniata'', ''Agoseris glauca'', and ''Taraxacum officinale''.
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===Bloom Period===
 
===Bloom Period===
 
May-August <ref name="UW"/>
 
May-August <ref name="UW"/>
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[[File:Screen shot 2012-04-30 at 11.14.06 AM.png|left|300 px|Distribution of bigflower agoseris]]
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===Distribution===
 
===Distribution===
West of the Rocky Mountains <ref name="USDA">[http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGGR USDA Plants Profile for Agoseris grandiflora]</ref>
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British Columbia to California; Nevada, Utah, Idaho, and Montana. <ref name="USDA">[http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AGGR USDA Plants Profile for Agoseris grandiflora]</ref>
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===Habitat===
 
===Habitat===
Meadows and other open places in the lowlands and at moderate elevations in the mountains, often in dry areas.  http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php
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Meadows and other open places in the lowlands and at moderate elevations in the mountains, often in dry areas.  <ref name="UW"/>
 
===Uses===
 
===Uses===
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Was this used for pinole?
  
 
===Propagation===
 
===Propagation===
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Seeds are collected by cutting the inflorescence after the pappus has expanded. Seed is wind disseminated and shatters soon after ripening. Seed is stored in paper bags at room temperature until cleaned. For small amounts, the pappus can be removed by hand. With larger amounts, a hammermill is effective for removing the pappus. Seed is then cleaned with an air column separator or air screen equipment. Cleaned seed is stored in controlled conditions at 40 degrees F. and 40% relative humidity.
  
  
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[http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org/network/ViewProtocols.aspx?ProtocolID=548 Propagation Protocol from Native Plant Network]
  
==Seed==
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===Seed===
[[File:Agoseris grandiflora.jpg|300px|right|thumb|''Agoseris grandiflora'']]
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[[File:Agoseris grandiflora.jpg|300px|right|thumb|''Agoseris grandiflora seeds'']]
 
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'''Abbreviation:''' AGGR
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'''Seed sample from:''' 2010
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2010
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{{Basics}}
 
{{Basics}}
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===References===
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<References/>
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===Photo Gallery===
 
===Photo Gallery===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
File:Agoseris grandiflora2.jpg
 
File:Agoseris grandiflora2.jpg
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File:Screen shot 2012-04-30 at 11.14.06 AM.png
 
File:Agoseris grandiflora.jpg
 
File:Agoseris grandiflora.jpg
 
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</gallery>
===References===
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<References/>
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Latest revision as of 08:52, 22 May 2012

Agoseris grandiflora
Agoseris grandiflora
Agoseris grandiflora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene
Species: 'Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene
Synonyms
  • Agoseris laciniata
  • Stylopappus grandiflorus
  • Agoseris cinerea
  • Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene var. intermedia
  • Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene var. plebeia
  • Agoseris intermedia
  • Agoseris laciniata
  • Agoseris marshallii
  • Agoseris obtusifolia
  • Agoseris plebeia
  • Stylopappus grandiflorus Nutt.'[1]

Common name: bigflower agoseris, grassland agoseris, goat-chicory, grand mountain dandelion, large-flower false-dandelion, Mountain Dandelion, Shortbeak Agoserisor sometimes California dandelion, is a herbaceous flowering plant in the Asteracae family.

Abbreviation Code (Codon): AGGR

Description

Scapose and stout perennial, 20-70 cm tall, with basal, oblanceolate to broadly linear pinnatifid leaves typically 10-40 cm. long and 1-3 cm. wide. The juice milky and hairy when young, becoming hairless with age. Large, yellow, multi-flowered head appearing almost as a single flower such as in the common dandelion. This head is about 1.5-4 cm. high, its outer bracts broad and short, the inner narrower and elongate; corollas all ligulate. Produces fruits with achene body 4-7 mm. long, tapering to a slender beak 2-4 times as long. [2] [3]Look-alikes: Microseris borealis, Agoseris glauca (Pursh) Raf. var. laciniata, Agoseris glauca, and Taraxacum officinale.

Bloom Period

May-August [2]

Distribution of bigflower agoseris


Distribution

British Columbia to California; Nevada, Utah, Idaho, and Montana. [4]

Habitat

Meadows and other open places in the lowlands and at moderate elevations in the mountains, often in dry areas. [2]

Uses

Was this used for pinole?

Propagation

Seeds are collected by cutting the inflorescence after the pappus has expanded. Seed is wind disseminated and shatters soon after ripening. Seed is stored in paper bags at room temperature until cleaned. For small amounts, the pappus can be removed by hand. With larger amounts, a hammermill is effective for removing the pappus. Seed is then cleaned with an air column separator or air screen equipment. Cleaned seed is stored in controlled conditions at 40 degrees F. and 40% relative humidity.


Propagation Protocol from Native Plant Network

Seed

Agoseris grandiflora seeds

Seed sample from: 2010

Average Measurement: 5.2 x 0.7 x 0.7

Measurement Range: L: 4.6 - 6, W: 0.5 - 0.9, D: 0.5 - 0.9

Features

Shape: Seeds tapering to a beak 2-3 times as long as the body of the seed.

Color: Seeds pale brown with white, glossy hilum.

Additional Structures: Pappus white, and downy.

Surface: Seed body deeply longitudinally grooved. Ridges are finely toothed. Seed slightly glossy.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical Latitudinal AGGR.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: obovate Longitudinal AGGR.png



Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

References

  1. Washington Flora Checklist
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 WTU Plants Profiles
  3. eFlora, Flora of North America
  4. USDA Plants Profile for Agoseris grandiflora

Photo Gallery