Difference between revisions of "Allium amplectens"

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'''''Allium amplectens''''', or the narrowleaf onion, is a flowering plant of the Liliaceae family.
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* Latin Name: ''Allium'''amplectens''
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* Family: Amaryllidaceae
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* Common Names: narrow-leaf onion
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Allium'' ''acuminatum, Allium'' ''attenuifolium, Allium'' ''monospermum, Allium'' ''occidentale, Allium'' ''serratum''
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* Codon: ALLAMP
  
'''Abbreviation Code:''' ALAM
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=== Taxonomy ===
[[File:Allium amplectens Pinnacles2.jpg|right|350px|Allium amplectens]] <br><br>'''Synonyms:'''
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{{Taxobox
*''Allium acuminatum Hook. var. gracile''
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| name = Allium amplectens
*''Allium attenuifolium Kellogg''
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|image=
*''Allium attenuifolium Kellogg var. monospermum''
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| image_alt =
*''Allium monospermum Jepson''
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| image_caption =
*''Allium occidentale Gray''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
*''Allium serratum S. Watson'' <ref>[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/waflora/checklist.php?Taxon=Allium%20amplectens Washington Flora Checklist]</ref>
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Lilianae
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| ordo = Asparagales
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| familia = Liliaceae
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| genus = '''''Allium '''''L.
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| species = '''''Allium amplectens''''' Torr.
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}}
  
 
 
===Taxonomy===
 
*Kingdom Plantae – Plants
 
*Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
 
*Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
 
*Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
 
*Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
 
*Subclass - Liliidae
 
*Order - Liliales
 
*Family Liliaceae – Lily family
 
*Genus Allium L. – onion
 
*Species Allium amplectens Hook. – narrowleaf onion
 
 
 
===Description===
 
===Description===
  
Perennial growing from sometimes clustered and ovoid bulbs.  Stem somewhat cylindrical, 15-50 cm tall.  2-4 slender leaves growing from the scape that wither early.  Almost spherical multi-flowered white or pink umbels.  Tepals 6; pedicals slender 1-2 times length of tepals.  Stamens 6 and as long as the tepals. Tepals become papery and converge over fruit with maturity, the fruit 3-celled and 6-seeded.<ref name="UW"/>
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Perennial growing from sometimes clustered and ovoid bulbs.  Stem somewhat cylindrical, 15-50 cm tall.  2-4 slender leaves growing from the scape that wither early.  Almost spherical multi-flowered white or pink umbels.  Tepals 6; pedicals slender 1-2 times length of tepals.  Stamens 6 and as long as the tepals. Tepals become papery and converge over fruit with maturity, the fruit 3-celled and 6-seeded.<ref name="UW" />
 
<ref name="Jepson">[http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8354,8357 Jepson Flora Project]</ref>
 
<ref name="Jepson">[http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8354,8357 Jepson Flora Project]</ref>
  
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California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.   
 
California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.   
 
===Habitat===
 
===Habitat===
Open or wooded areas with clay soils <ref name="Jepson"/>
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Open or wooded areas with clay soils <ref name="Jepson" />
  
 
===Uses===
 
===Uses===
  
The bulbs were occasionally eaten by some northwest coast indigenous peoples.  *This is a restricted species; please do not harvest.
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The bulbs were occasionally eaten by some northwest coast indigenous peoples.
  
 
===Propagation===
 
===Propagation===
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'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ALAM-long-crosssection.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ALAM-long-crosssection.png]]
  
[[File:Allium amplectens.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Allium amplectens'']]
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[[File:Allium amplectens.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Allium amplectens'', photo by Lisa Hintz]]
[[File:Allium amplectens single.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Allium amplectens'']]
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[[File:Allium amplectens single.jpg|300px|thumb|''Allium amplectens'', photo by Lisa Hintz]]
 
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===Photo Gallery===
 
===Photo Gallery===
<gallery>
 
File:Allium amplectens Pinnacles2.jpg
 
File:Screen shot 2012-04-30 at 12.25.08 PM.png
 
File:Allium amplectens.jpg
 
File:Allium amplectens single.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
===References===
 
===References===
<References/>
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<references />

Latest revision as of 00:48, 8 July 2020

  • Latin Name: Allium amplectens
  • Family: Amaryllidaceae
  • Common Names: narrow-leaf onion
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Allium acuminatum, Allium attenuifolium, Allium monospermum, Allium occidentale, Allium serratum
  • Codon: ALLAMP

Taxonomy

Allium amplectens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Lilianae
Order: Asparagales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Allium L.
Species: Allium amplectens Torr.

Description

Perennial growing from sometimes clustered and ovoid bulbs. Stem somewhat cylindrical, 15-50 cm tall. 2-4 slender leaves growing from the scape that wither early. Almost spherical multi-flowered white or pink umbels. Tepals 6; pedicals slender 1-2 times length of tepals. Stamens 6 and as long as the tepals. Tepals become papery and converge over fruit with maturity, the fruit 3-celled and 6-seeded.[1] [2]

Bloom Period

May-July [1]

Distribution of the narrowleaf onion

Distribution

California, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia.

Habitat

Open or wooded areas with clay soils [2]

Uses

The bulbs were occasionally eaten by some northwest coast indigenous peoples.

Propagation

http://www.goert.ca/propagation_guidelines/forbs/allium_amplectens

Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 2.1 x 1.7 x 1.7

Measurement Range: L: 1.8 - 2.5, W: 1.5 - 1.8, D: 1.3 - 1.75

Features

Shape: Seeds narrow at hilum end, broadening at opposite apex.

Color: Seeds black. Hilum beige to white.

Surface: Seed’s most distinct feature is extreme puckering or wrinkling. Some seeds have concave pitting, ridging, or some net veined patterns. Seeds roughly textured and matte.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ALAM-lat-crosssection.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ALAM-long-crosssection.png

Allium amplectens, photo by Lisa Hintz
Allium amplectens, photo by Lisa Hintz


Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium
  2. 2.0 2.1 Jepson Flora Project