Difference between revisions of "Anaphalis margaritacea"

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'''Pearly everlasting''' [[File:ANMA RodGilbert flw good.jpg | right|300px|Photographer: Rod Gilbert]]
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* Scientific Name: ''Anaphalis'' ''margaritacea''
'''Abbreviation Code (Codon):''' ANMA
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* Family: Asteraceae
 
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* Common Names: pearly everlasting
===Taxonomy===
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Gnaphalium'' ''margaritaceum''
*Kingdom: Plantae
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* Codon: ANAMAR
*(unranked): Angiosperms
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----
*(unranked): Eudicots
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[[File:ANMA RodGilbert flw good.jpg |thumb|Photo by Rod Gilbert. Also featured on Main Page]]
*(unranked): Asterids
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=== Taxonomy ===
*Order: Asterales
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{{Taxobox
*Family: Asteraceae
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| image =
*Subfamily: Asteroideae
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| image_caption = Photo by Rod Gilbert. Also featured on Main Page
*Tribe: Gnaphalieae
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| name =
*Genus: ''Anaphalis''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
*Species: ''A. margaritacea''
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| subregnum = Viridiplantae
*Binomial name: ''Anaphalis margaritacea'' (L.) Benth.
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| phylum = Tracheophyta
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| subphylum= Spermatophytina
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Asterales
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| familia = Asteraceae
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| genus = ''Anaphalis'' DC.
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| species = '''''Anaphalis margaritacea''''' (L.) Benth.
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| subspecies =
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| synonyms = *''Anaphalis occidentalis'' (Greene) A. Heller
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*''Gnaphalium margaritaceum'' L.
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}}
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<ref>Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=36529</ref>
  
 
===Plant Description===
 
===Plant Description===
Individual, erect, cottony stems grow 1-3 ft. tall and are often clumped together creating a bushy appearance. Narrow leaves are gray-green to woolly-white. Globular flowers are actually long-enduring, white, dry bracts arranged around a yellow center. Several evenly leafy woolly stems in a small patch are topped by a crowded, roundish cluster of flower heads with pearly-white bracts, sometimes with a dark spot at base of each outer bracts.  
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Dioecious, perennial, rhizomatous herb with woolly stems and globular pseudanthia, growing to 90 cm tall. Leaves cauline, alternate, sessile, lanceolate to linear, woolly (mostly below), greenish grey to whitish. Inflorescences are racemous, crowded and often flattened, appearing umbellate. Pseudanthia to 1 cm wide with persistent white bracts. Flowers discoid.<ref name=":1" /><ref>Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, S. (2016). Vascular Plants of the South Sound Prairies. p. 71</ref><ref>[https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=310 Jepson Herbarium Online Flora]</ref>
The dried stalks with their pearly-white heads are attractive in floral arrangements. The pure white flower is commonly used in dried flower arrangements. Good dried flowers; food plant for Painted lady butterflies.
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===Bloom Period===
 
===Bloom Period===
July through September.
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July through September.<ref name=":1">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of
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Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Anaphalis%20margaritacea</ref>
 
===Distribution===
 
===Distribution===
Widely distributed throughout Washington; occurring throughout North America except for portions of Midwest and Southeast.
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Widely distributed throughout Washington; occurring throughout North America except for portions of Midwest and Southeast.<ref name=":1" />
  
 
===Habitat===
 
===Habitat===
Dry to somewhat moist open areas, low to sub-alpine elevations.
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Dry to somewhat moist open areas, low to sub-alpine elevations.<ref name=":1" />
  
 
===Uses===
 
===Uses===
In folk medicine, it is used as a salve for burns. (Strickland)
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In folk medicine, it is used as a salve for burns. (Strickland)<ref name=":0">Native Plants of North America.” Retrieved from  https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=anma.</ref>
  
 
===Propagation===
 
===Propagation===
 
[[http://www.plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/pubs/orpmcmt9920.pdf Propagation protocol from USDA NRCS]]
 
[[http://www.plant-materials.nrcs.usda.gov/pubs/orpmcmt9920.pdf Propagation protocol from USDA NRCS]]
 
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[[File:Anaphalis margaritacea single.jpg|300px|thumb|''Anaphalis margaritacea'', photo: Lisa Hintz]]
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
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[[File:Anaphalis margaritacea with pappus.jpg|300px|thumb||''Anaphalis margaritacea'' with pappus, photo: Lisa Hintz]]
  
  
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'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ANMA-long-crosssection.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ANMA-long-crosssection.png]]
  
[[File:Anaphalis margaritacea with pappus.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Anaphalis margaritacea'' with pappus]]
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===Photo Gallery===
[[File:Anaphalis margaritacea single.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Anaphalis margaritacea'']]
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<gallery>
 
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File:ANAMAR2.jpg|Photo: Craig Althen, 2010
{{Basics}}
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File:ANAMAR3.jpg|Photo: Craig Althen, 2017
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</gallery>
  
==Photo Gallery==
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=== References ===
==References==
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<references />

Latest revision as of 11:54, 14 June 2021

  • Scientific Name: Anaphalis margaritacea
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Names: pearly everlasting
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Gnaphalium margaritaceum
  • Codon: ANAMAR

Photo by Rod Gilbert. Also featured on Main Page

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Anaphalis DC.
Species: Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth.
Synonyms
  • Anaphalis occidentalis (Greene) A. Heller
  • Gnaphalium margaritaceum L.

[1]

Plant Description

Dioecious, perennial, rhizomatous herb with woolly stems and globular pseudanthia, growing to 90 cm tall. Leaves cauline, alternate, sessile, lanceolate to linear, woolly (mostly below), greenish grey to whitish. Inflorescences are racemous, crowded and often flattened, appearing umbellate. Pseudanthia to 1 cm wide with persistent white bracts. Flowers discoid.[2][3][4]

Bloom Period

July through September.[2]

Distribution

Widely distributed throughout Washington; occurring throughout North America except for portions of Midwest and Southeast.[2]

Habitat

Dry to somewhat moist open areas, low to sub-alpine elevations.[2]

Uses

In folk medicine, it is used as a salve for burns. (Strickland)[5]

Propagation

[Propagation protocol from USDA NRCS]

Anaphalis margaritacea, photo: Lisa Hintz

Seed

Anaphalis margaritacea with pappus, photo: Lisa Hintz


Seed sample from 2010

Average Measurement: 0.6 x 0.2 x 0.2

Measurement Range: L: 0.4 - 0.75, W: 0.1 - 0.3, D: 0.1 - 0.3

Features

Shape: Seeds somewhat ribbed. Right above hilum, seed narrows considerably before flaring out again.

Color: Seed is brown. Hilum is glossy and puckered, lighter colored that rest of seed.

Additional Features: Pappus of downy white hairs significantly longer that seed itself.

Surface: Seed covered in clear globules and is slightly lustrous.

Could be confused with: Antennaria howellii

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ANMA-lat-crosssection.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ANMA-long-crosssection.png

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=36529
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Anaphalis%20margaritacea
  3. Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, S. (2016). Vascular Plants of the South Sound Prairies. p. 71
  4. Jepson Herbarium Online Flora
  5. Native Plants of North America.” Retrieved from https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=anma.