- Scientific Name: Campanula rotundifolia
- Family: Campanulaceae
- Common Names: bluebell-of-scotland, bluebell, roundleaf harebell
- Codon: CAMROT
|Genus:|| Campanula L.|
|Species:|| Campanula rotundifolia L.|
Perennial, typically glabrous, rhizomatous herb growing from a taproot, up to 80 cm tall with bluish purple flowers. Leaves entire; basal leaves long petiolate, round to broadly ovate; cauline leaves alternate, linear, to 8 cm long. Inflorescences racemose. Flowers radially symmetrical, calyx lobes 5, linear; corolla campanulate, bluish purple, 5-lobed; stamens 5; ovary inferior, becoming nodding 3-celled capsule, 4-8 mm long.
June - September
Widely distributed throughout Washington; circumboreal.
Open, rocky areas across altitudes with sandy, well-drained soils.
First Nations - Use by a number of different tribes as heart and ear medicine, and as a fumigant for eye medicine. Navajo use as spiritual medicine for protection.
Wildlife - Attracts Butterflies, moths, birds, and bees.
For best results, seeds should be sown inside and not covered after sowing. They should be bottom-watered. These seedlings will germinate quickly but will not flower until the second year. Root cuttings or stem cuttings stuck in damp sand are other propagation methods useful for this species.
|Seed CollectionTime||Late July through mid-Sept.|
Fruit/Seed Dormancy and Treatment:No treatment. Seeds may need light for good germination.
Seed sample from: 2011
Average Measurement: 1 x 0.4 x 0.2
Measurement Range: L: 1 - 1.1, W: 0.3 - 0.5, D: 0.2 - 0.3
Shape: Seeds tapering slightly at hilium end and opposite apex.
Color: Hilium and opposite end are dark brown. The rest of the seed is light brown.
Surface:Seeds longitudinally striate and glossy.
Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical
Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical
Basic Explanations and Assumptions:
The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.
Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.
All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.
- ↑ Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=34497
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Campanula%20rotundifolia
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 515.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, S. (2016). Vascular Plants of the South Sound Prairies. p. 80.
- ↑ Plants for a Future. Retrieved from https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Campanula+rotundifolia
- ↑ Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Campanula+rotundifolia
- ↑ Washington Native Plant Society. Retrieved from https://www.wnps.org/component/rsdirectory/entry/view/69-campanula-rotundifolia&highlight=WyJjYW1wYW51bGEiLCJyb3R1bmRpZm9saWEiLCJjYW1wYW51bGEgcm90dW5kaWZvbGlhIl0=
- ↑ Native Plants of North America. Retrieved from https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=caro2