Difference between revisions of "Cardamine nuttallii"

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'''Common name:''' Nuttall's toothwort, Slender toothwort, spring beauty
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* Scientific Name: ''Cardamine'' ''nuttallii''
[[File:1-1.png|thumb|right|250px]]
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* Family: Brassicaceae
'''Abbreviation code (Codon):''' CANU
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* Common Names: beautiful bittercres, Nuttall's toothwort, slender toothwort
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Cardamine'' ''pulcherrima, Cardamine'' ''quercetorum, Dentaria'' ''tenella''
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* Codon: CARNUT
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----
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[[File:1-1.png |thumb| Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page]]
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=== Taxonomy ===
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{{Taxobox
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| name =
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| image =
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| image_alt = Cardamine nutallii
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| image_caption = Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Viridiplantae
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| phylum = Tracheophyta
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| subphylum= Spermatophytina
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| classis = Asterales
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| ordo = Asterales
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| familia = Brassicaceae
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| genus = ''Cardamine'' L.
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| species = '''''Cardamine nuttallii''''' Greene
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| binomial =
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| binomial_authority =
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| synonyms = *''Cardamine pulcherrima'' Greene
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*''Cardamine gemmata'' Greene
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*''Dentaria tenella'' Pursh
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*''Dentaria gemmata'' (Greene) Howell
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}}
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<ref>Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=501196</ref>
  
==Taxonomy==
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===Description===
*Kingdom: Plantae
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*(unranked): Angiosperms
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*(unranked): Eudicots
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*(unranked): Asterids
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*Order:  Asterales
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*Family:        Brassicaceae
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*Genus: Cardamine
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*Species: C. nuttallii
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==Description==
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General: Glabrous to sparsely pubescent perennial from short, slender, fleshy rhizomes, the stems erect, 1-2 dm. tall.
 
General: Glabrous to sparsely pubescent perennial from short, slender, fleshy rhizomes, the stems erect, 1-2 dm. tall.
 
Leaves: Basal leaves long-petiolate, the blades orbicular to cordate, usually simple and scalloped, if deeply lobed the lobes entire; cauline leaves 1-3, grouped above mid-length on the stem, usually with 3-5 lanceolate, entire leaflets 1-4 cm. long.
 
Leaves: Basal leaves long-petiolate, the blades orbicular to cordate, usually simple and scalloped, if deeply lobed the lobes entire; cauline leaves 1-3, grouped above mid-length on the stem, usually with 3-5 lanceolate, entire leaflets 1-4 cm. long.
 
Flowers: Inflorescence of bractless, few-flowered racemes; pedicles ascending to erect, 1-2 cm. long; sepals 4, 3-5 mm. long, purplish, the outer pair saccate at the base; petals 4, pink to reddish or purplish, 9-14 mm. long; stamens 6; style slender, 3-6 mm. long.
 
Flowers: Inflorescence of bractless, few-flowered racemes; pedicles ascending to erect, 1-2 cm. long; sepals 4, 3-5 mm. long, purplish, the outer pair saccate at the base; petals 4, pink to reddish or purplish, 9-14 mm. long; stamens 6; style slender, 3-6 mm. long.
Fruit: Siliques linear, 1.5-5 cm. long and 1.5 mm. broad; seeds in 1 series.
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Fruit: Siliques linear, 1.5-5 cm. long and 1.5 mm. broad; seeds in 1 series.<ref name=":0" />
  
==Bloom Period==
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===Bloom Period===
==Distribution==
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March-May<ref name=":0">WTU
Washington to California, chiefly west of the Cascades.
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Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from<nowiki/>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Cardamine%20nuttallii</ref>
==Habitat==
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Ecological Setting-Dry ground, low to moderate elevations.
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==Uses==
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==Propagation==
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===Distribution===
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Washington to California, chiefly west of the Cascades.<ref>WTU
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Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from<nowiki/>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/browse.php?Family=Brassicaceae&Classification=Vascular%20Plants&BrowseBy=Family&OrderBy=SciName&Display=Descriptions</ref>
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===Habitat===
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Ecological Setting-Dry ground, low to moderate elevations.<ref name=":0" />
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===Uses===
  
 
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===Propagation===
{| border="1"
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|-
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| FloweringTime
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| March -May
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|-
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| Crop Intervals
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| Perennial
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|}
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===Seed===
 
===Seed===
[[file:Cardamine nuttallii.jpg|thumb|right|250px]]
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[[file:Cardamine nuttallii.jpg|thumb|250px|Photo by Lisa Hintz]]
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2007
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2007
  
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{{Basics}}
 
{{Basics}}
 
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===Photo Gallery===
==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
 
<gallery>
File:1-1.png
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File:CANU CNLMvol flw 2008 (5).jpg|Photo courtesy of CNLM
File:Untitled.png
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File:CANU CNLMvol flw 2008 (4).jpg|Photo courtesy of CNLM
File:CANU CNLMvol sdl 3-2009.jpg
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File:CARNUT4.png|Seedling, photo courtesy of CNLM
File:CANU CNLMvol flw 2008 (5).jpg
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File:CANU CNLMvol flw 2008 (4).jpg
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
==References==
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===References===
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<references />

Latest revision as of 12:57, 25 March 2021

  • Scientific Name: Cardamine nuttallii
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Common Names: beautiful bittercres, Nuttall's toothwort, slender toothwort
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Cardamine pulcherrima, Cardamine quercetorum, Dentaria tenella
  • Codon: CARNUT

Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Asterales
Order: Asterales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Cardamine L.
Species: Cardamine nuttallii Greene
Synonyms
  • Cardamine pulcherrima Greene
  • Cardamine gemmata Greene
  • Dentaria tenella Pursh
  • Dentaria gemmata (Greene) Howell

[1]

Description

General: Glabrous to sparsely pubescent perennial from short, slender, fleshy rhizomes, the stems erect, 1-2 dm. tall. Leaves: Basal leaves long-petiolate, the blades orbicular to cordate, usually simple and scalloped, if deeply lobed the lobes entire; cauline leaves 1-3, grouped above mid-length on the stem, usually with 3-5 lanceolate, entire leaflets 1-4 cm. long. Flowers: Inflorescence of bractless, few-flowered racemes; pedicles ascending to erect, 1-2 cm. long; sepals 4, 3-5 mm. long, purplish, the outer pair saccate at the base; petals 4, pink to reddish or purplish, 9-14 mm. long; stamens 6; style slender, 3-6 mm. long. Fruit: Siliques linear, 1.5-5 cm. long and 1.5 mm. broad; seeds in 1 series.[2]

Bloom Period

March-May[2]

Distribution

Washington to California, chiefly west of the Cascades.[3]

Habitat

Ecological Setting-Dry ground, low to moderate elevations.[2]

Uses

Propagation

Seed

Photo by Lisa Hintz

Seed sample from: 2007

Average Measurement: 1.75 x 1.1 x 0.7

Measurement range: L: 1.5 – 2.1, W: 1 – 1.3, D: 0.2 - 0.9

Features

Shape: Seeds a variety of shapes, mostly slightly flattened ellipses, with the hilum to opposite apex being the longest measurement. Some seeds lenticular in shape.

Additional Structures: Cotyledons accumbent with sulcus present in some.

Color: Seeds golden brown with a tan or white hilum surrounded by a darker brown color.

Surface: Seeds are deeply wrinkled or pitted. Wrinkles commonly oriented longitudinally, but not always. Seeds slightly lustrous.

Latitudinal cross section: elliptical CANUlat.png

Longitudinal cross section: elliptical CANU.png


Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=501196
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved fromhttps://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Cardamine%20nuttallii
  3. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved fromhttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/browse.php?Family=Brassicaceae&Classification=Vascular%20Plants&BrowseBy=Family&OrderBy=SciName&Display=Descriptions