Difference between revisions of "Castilleja hispida"

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'''Common name:''' Harsh paintbrush
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* Latin Name: ''Castilleja'' ''hispida''
[[File: CAHI_GDCarr_flw1_good.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Photographer: Rod Gilbert]]
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* Family: Orobanchaceae
'''Abbreviation code:''' CAHI
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* Common Names: harsh paintbrush
 
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* Codon: CASHIS
===Taxonomy===
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{{Taxobox
 
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| name = Castilleja hispida| image = CASHIS1.jpg
Kingdom: Plantae
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| image_alt =  
 
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| image_caption = Photo by Rod Gilbert, 2006. Also featured on Main Page
Subkingdom (unranked): Tracheobionta
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
 
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
Superdivision (unranked):  Spermatophyta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
 
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
Division:  Magnoliophyta
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| classis=  Magnoliopsida
 
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| subclassis = Asteridae
Class: Magnoliopsida
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| ordo = Scrophulariales
 
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| familia = Scrophulariaceae
Subclass (unranked): Asteridae
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| genus = ''Castilleja'' Mutis ex L. f.  
 
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| species = ''C. hispida'' Benth.
Order: Scrophulariales
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| binomial =
 
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| binomial_authority =
Family: Scrophulariaceae
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| synonyms =
 
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}}
Genus: ''Castilleja'' Mutis ex L. f.  
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Species: ''C. hispida'' Benth.
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===Uses===
 
===Uses===
  
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==== Ecology and Wildlife ====
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Pollinator food source. Important host plant for the federally
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endangered Taylor’s checkerspot butterfly. High palatability for browsing and grazing animals.
  
 
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==== First Nations ====
Site Rehabilitation:  Pollinator food source
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Used to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.<ref>Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=castilleja+hispida</nowiki></ref>
Wildlife:  High palatability for browsing and grazing animals.
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First NationsUsed to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.
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a) SEED PROPAGATION
 
a) SEED PROPAGATION
  
[[File:CAHI.png|thumb|right|300px|''Castilleja hispida'' seed </br> Photo Credit Lisa Hintz]]
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[[File:CAHI.png|thumb|right|300px|''Castilleja hispida'' seed <br> Photo Credit Lisa Hintz]]
  
 
===seed===
 
===seed===
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===Photo Gallery===
 
===Photo Gallery===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
File: CAHI RodGilbert veg1 good.jpg
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File: CASHIS2.jpg|Photo by Ray Izumi, 2011
File: CAHI_GDCarr_flw_good.jpg
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File: CASHIS3.jpg|Young growth, photo courtesy of CNLM
File:CAHI_DavidGiblin_veg_good.jpg
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
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http://depts.washington.edu/propplnt/Plants/castilleja%20hispida.htm
 
http://depts.washington.edu/propplnt/Plants/castilleja%20hispida.htm
 
http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl
 
http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl
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<references />

Latest revision as of 18:50, 7 July 2020

  • Latin Name: Castilleja hispida
  • Family: Orobanchaceae
  • Common Names: harsh paintbrush
  • Codon: CASHIS
Castilleja hispida
Photo by Rod Gilbert, 2006. Also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.
Species: C. hispida Benth.


Description

General: Perennial, the stems mostly unbranched, clustered, erect or ascending from a woody base, 2-6 dm. tall, finely villous. Leaves: Leaves alternate, lanceolate or broader, finely villous, the lower ones entire and reduced; upper leaves with 1-2 pairs of lateral lobes, these much narrower than the mid-blade. Flowers: Inflorescence showy, short and broad, becoming elongate, scarlet or red, occasionally yellow; bracts broad and deeply 3- to 5-lobed; calyx 15-30 mm. long, deeply cleft above and below, its primary lobes again divided into 2 segments; corolla 20-40 mm. long, its puberulent upper lip about equaling the tube, the lower lip only 1/5 as long, dark green, thickened; stamens 4. Fruit: Capsule.


Bloom Period

Late April - August


Distribution

Both sides of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.


Habitat

Grassy slopes and forest openings, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.


Uses

Ecology and Wildlife

Pollinator food source. Important host plant for the federally endangered Taylor’s checkerspot butterfly. High palatability for browsing and grazing animals.

First Nations

Used to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.[1]


Propagation

a) SEED PROPAGATION

Castilleja hispida seed
Photo Credit Lisa Hintz

seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 1.5 x 0.9 x 0.9

Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 2, W: 0.6 – 1.2, D: 0.6 – 1.1

Features

Shape: Seed coat cone shaped, tapered at hilum, broadening at opposite apex. Inner seed rice shaped.

Color: Tan seed coat, inner seed slightly darker.

Surface: Seed coat papery and honeycombed with slight luster. Inner seed laterally striate and matte.

Could be confused with: Castilleja levisecta

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical CAHI lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: obovate CAHI long.png

Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery

References

http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=CAHI9 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php http://depts.washington.edu/propplnt/Plants/castilleja%20hispida.htm http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl

  1. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=castilleja+hispida