Difference between revisions of "Castilleja hispida"

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[[File:|300px|thumb|right|Photographer: Rod Gilbert]]
[[File: CAHI_GDCarr_flw1_good.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Photographer: Rod Gilbert]]

Revision as of 11:01, 23 April 2012

Photographer: Rod Gilbert


Kingdom: Plantae

Subkingdom (unranked): Tracheobionta

Superdivision (unranked): Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Subclass (unranked): Asteridae

Order: Scrophulariales

Family: Scrophulariaceae

Genus: Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.

Species: C. hispida Benth.


General: Perennial, the stems mostly unbranched, clustered, erect or ascending from a woody base, 2-6 dm. tall, finely villous. Leaves: Leaves alternate, lanceolate or broader, finely villous, the lower ones entire and reduced; upper leaves with 1-2 pairs of lateral lobes, these much narrower than the mid-blade. Flowers: Inflorescence showy, short and broad, becoming elongate, scarlet or red, occasionally yellow; bracts broad and deeply 3- to 5-lobed; calyx 15-30 mm. long, deeply cleft above and below, its primary lobes again divided into 2 segments; corolla 20-40 mm. long, its puberulent upper lip about equaling the tube, the lower lip only 1/5 as long, dark green, thickened; stamens 4. Fruit: Capsule.

Bloom Period

Late April - August


Both sides of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.


Grassy slopes and forest openings, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.


Site Rehabilitation: Pollinator food source Wildlife: High palatability for browsing and grazing animals. First Nations: Used to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.



Photo Gallery


http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=CAHI9 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php http://depts.washington.edu/propplnt/Plants/castilleja%20hispida.htm http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl


Abbreviation: CAHI

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 1.5 x 0.9 x 0.9

Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 2, W: 0.6 – 1.2, D: 0.6 – 1.1


Shape: Seed coat cone shaped, tapered at hilum, broadening at opposite apex. Inner seed rice shaped.

Color: Tan seed coat, inner seed slightly darker.

Surface: Seed coat papery and honeycombed with slight luster. Inner seed laterally striate and matte.

Could be confused with: Castilleja levisecta

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical CAHI lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: obovate CAHI long.png