|Genus:|| Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.|
|Species:|| C. hispida Benth.|
Common name: Harsh paintbrush Abbreviation code (Codon): CAHI
General: Perennial, the stems mostly unbranched, clustered, erect or ascending from a woody base, 2-6 dm. tall, finely villous. Leaves: Leaves alternate, lanceolate or broader, finely villous, the lower ones entire and reduced; upper leaves with 1-2 pairs of lateral lobes, these much narrower than the mid-blade. Flowers: Inflorescence showy, short and broad, becoming elongate, scarlet or red, occasionally yellow; bracts broad and deeply 3- to 5-lobed; calyx 15-30 mm. long, deeply cleft above and below, its primary lobes again divided into 2 segments; corolla 20-40 mm. long, its puberulent upper lip about equaling the tube, the lower lip only 1/5 as long, dark green, thickened; stamens 4. Fruit: Capsule.
Late April - August
Both sides of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.
Grassy slopes and forest openings, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Ecology and Wildlife
Pollinator food source. Important host plant for the federally endangered Taylor’s checkerspot butterfly. High palatability for browsing and grazing animals.
Used to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.
a) SEED PROPAGATION
Seed sample from: 2011
Average Measurement: 1.5 x 0.9 x 0.9
Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 2, W: 0.6 – 1.2, D: 0.6 – 1.1
Shape: Seed coat cone shaped, tapered at hilum, broadening at opposite apex. Inner seed rice shaped.
Color: Tan seed coat, inner seed slightly darker.
Surface: Seed coat papery and honeycombed with slight luster. Inner seed laterally striate and matte.
Could be confused with: Castilleja levisecta
Basic Explanations and Assumptions:
The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.
Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.
All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.
- Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=castilleja+hispida