Subkingdom (unranked): Tracheobionta
Superdivision (unranked): Spermatophyta
Subclass (unranked): Asteridae
Genus: Castilleja Mutis ex L. f.
Species: C. hispida Benth.
General: Perennial, the stems mostly unbranched, clustered, erect or ascending from a woody base, 2-6 dm. tall, finely villous. Leaves: Leaves alternate, lanceolate or broader, finely villous, the lower ones entire and reduced; upper leaves with 1-2 pairs of lateral lobes, these much narrower than the mid-blade. Flowers: Inflorescence showy, short and broad, becoming elongate, scarlet or red, occasionally yellow; bracts broad and deeply 3- to 5-lobed; calyx 15-30 mm. long, deeply cleft above and below, its primary lobes again divided into 2 segments; corolla 20-40 mm. long, its puberulent upper lip about equaling the tube, the lower lip only 1/5 as long, dark green, thickened; stamens 4. Fruit: Capsule.
Late April - August
Both sides of the Cascades, British Columbia to Oregon, east to Montana.
Grassy slopes and forest openings, from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.
Site Rehabilitation: Pollinator food source Wildlife: High palatability for browsing and grazing animals. First Nations: Used to trap hummingbirds after being covered with snail slime, as well as its nectar being a source of candy for the Nitinaht.
a) SEED PROPAGATION
Seed sample from: 2011
Average Measurement: 1.5 x 0.9 x 0.9
Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 2, W: 0.6 – 1.2, D: 0.6 – 1.1
Shape: Seed coat cone shaped, tapered at hilum, broadening at opposite apex. Inner seed rice shaped.
Color: Tan seed coat, inner seed slightly darker.
Surface: Seed coat papery and honeycombed with slight luster. Inner seed laterally striate and matte.
Could be confused with: Castilleja levisecta
http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=CAHI9 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php http://depts.washington.edu/propplnt/Plants/castilleja%20hispida.htm http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl