Difference between revisions of "Collomia grandiflora"

From Puget Prairie Plants
(Description)
 
(22 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''common name:''' Large-flower mountain-trumpet, Large-flowered collomia, Grand collomia
+
* Scientific Name: ''Collomia'' ''grandiflora''
[[File:COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg|thumb|right|150px|Flower]]  
+
* Family: Polemoniaceae
'''Abbreviation Code:''' COGR2
+
* Common Names: large-flowered collomia, large-flower mountain-trumpet
 +
* Codon: COLGRA
 +
----
 +
[[File:COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg |thumb|Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page]]
 +
=== Taxonomy ===
 +
{{Taxobox
 +
| name =
 +
| image =
 +
| image_caption =Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page
 +
| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
 +
| subregnum = Viridiplantae
 +
| phylum = Tracheophyta
 +
| subphylum= Spermatophytina
 +
| classis = Magnoliopsida
 +
| subclassis = Asteranae
 +
| ordo = Ericales
 +
| familia =  Polemoniaceae
 +
| genus = ''Collomia'' Nutt.
 +
| species = '''''Collomia grandiflora''''' Douglas ex. Lindl
 +
}}
 +
<ref>Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=31037</ref>
  
== Taxonomy ==
+
=== Description ===
*Kingdom         Plantae – Plants <br>
+
Robust, tap-rooted annual up to 1 m. tall, from simple and unbranched to often with many axillary branches terminating in flower clusters.
*Subkingdom         Tracheobionta – Vascular plants  <br>
+
*Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants <br>
+
*Division         Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants <br>
+
*Class         Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons <br>
+
*Subclass         Asteridae <br>
+
*Order         Solanales <br>
+
*Family         Polemoniaceae - Phlox family <br>
+
*Genus         Collomia <br>
+
*Species C. grandiflora Douglas ex Lindl. – grand collomia
+
  
== Description ==
+
Leaves numerous, lanceolate, alternate, sessile and entire, 2-8 cm. long and 3-15 mm. wide.
General: Annual, the stem simple or branched, erect, 0.5-5 dm. tall, minutely pubescent.
+
Leaves: Lower leaves opposite, petiolate, often toothed when well developed; upper leaves opposite or whorled, entire, usually glabrous, becoming sessile upward, narrowly elliptic or oblong to nearly linear.
+
Flowers: Flowers 1-few on short pedicels in the axils of reduced upper leaves; calyx 5-8 mm. long, 5-lobed; corolla bi-labiate, blue with white or pinkish upper lip, 9-17 mm. long, the tube abruptly bent at a right angle to the calyx, shortly pouched at the bend; stamens 4.
+
Fruit: Capsule opening along 4 lines.
+
  
 +
Flowers in tight clusters, terminating the stem and branches; calyx tube of uniform, papery texture, the 5 lobes up to 4 mm. long; triangular, pointed, herbaceous; corolla tubular, salmon-colored, 2-3 cm. long, the 5 lobes 5-10 mm. long; filaments of unequal length, inserted below the sinuses of the corolla; style 3-parted; ovary superior.
  
== Bloom Period ==
+
Fruits capsule with 3, 1-seeded carpels.<ref name=":0">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Collomia%20grandiflora</ref>
April - June
+
== Distribution ==
+
West of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, and in the Columbia River Gorge.
+
== Habitat ==
+
Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains. Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.
+
== Uses ==
+
  
== Propagation ==
+
=== Bloom Period ===
 +
May-August<ref name=":0" />
  
Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.
+
=== Distribution ===
 +
Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.<ref name=":0" />
 +
=== Habitat ===
 +
Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains.<ref name=":0" /> Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.
 +
=== Uses ===
 +
Infusion of roots or of leaves and stalks taken by Okanogan-Colville as a laxative; Infusion of roots taken by Okanogan-Colville for high fevers; Use of leaves by Paiute and others as a protective covering for filled berry containers.
  
== Photo Gallery ==
+
=== Propagation ===
<gallery>
+
File:COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg
+
File:COGRX BenLegler flw1 good.jpg
+
File:COGRX MarionCJerisch sdh good.JPG
+
File:COGRX MarionCJerisch veg good.JPG
+
</gallery>
+
  
 +
Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.
  
== References ==
+
[[File:COGR.png|thumb|right|300px|''Collomia grandiflora'' seeds <br> Photo Credit Lisa HIntz]]
table making:
+
 
+
{| border="1"
+
|-
+
| FloweringTime
+
| April - June
+
|}
+
 
+
[[File:COGR.png|thumb|right|300px|''Collomia grandiflora'' seeds </br> Photo Credit Lisa HIntz]]
+
  
  
Line 79: Line 73:
  
 
{{Basics}}
 
{{Basics}}
==References==
+
 
 +
=== Photo Gallery ===
 +
<gallery>
 +
File:COGRX BenLegler flw1 good.jpg|Photo: Ben Legler
 +
File:COGRX MarionCJerisch sdh good.JPG| Photo by Marion C. Jerisch, courtesy of CNLM.
 +
File:COLGRA3.jpg|Young growth, courtesy of CNLM
 +
</gallery>
 +
 
 +
===References===
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 10:37, 29 March 2021

  • Scientific Name: Collomia grandiflora
  • Family: Polemoniaceae
  • Common Names: large-flowered collomia, large-flower mountain-trumpet
  • Codon: COLGRA

Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Ericales
Family: Polemoniaceae
Genus: Collomia Nutt.
Species: Collomia grandiflora Douglas ex. Lindl

[1]

Description

Robust, tap-rooted annual up to 1 m. tall, from simple and unbranched to often with many axillary branches terminating in flower clusters.

Leaves numerous, lanceolate, alternate, sessile and entire, 2-8 cm. long and 3-15 mm. wide.

Flowers in tight clusters, terminating the stem and branches; calyx tube of uniform, papery texture, the 5 lobes up to 4 mm. long; triangular, pointed, herbaceous; corolla tubular, salmon-colored, 2-3 cm. long, the 5 lobes 5-10 mm. long; filaments of unequal length, inserted below the sinuses of the corolla; style 3-parted; ovary superior.

Fruits capsule with 3, 1-seeded carpels.[2]

Bloom Period

May-August[2]

Distribution

Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.[2]

Habitat

Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains.[2] Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.

Uses

Infusion of roots or of leaves and stalks taken by Okanogan-Colville as a laxative; Infusion of roots taken by Okanogan-Colville for high fevers; Use of leaves by Paiute and others as a protective covering for filled berry containers.

Propagation

Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.

Collomia grandiflora seeds
Photo Credit Lisa HIntz


Seed

Abbreviation: COGRX

Seed sample from: 2011

Average measurement: 3 x 1.5 x 1.1

Measurement range: L: 2.75 - 3.1 W: 1.2 x 1.7 D: 0.9 x 1.3

Features

Shape: One end of seed is slightly more rounded than other. This is the hilium end. One side of seed has longitudinal sulcus that does not reach the hilium or opposite apex.

Color: Hilium indistinct. Entire seed surface mostly uniform in color. Seed is brown with some white spots that are flakey looking.

Surface:Entire seed is very bumpy, sometimes slightly ridged. When wet, seed coat forms many clear, mucilaginous threads.

Could be confused with: Gilia capitata

Latitudinal cross section: elliptical COGRX lat.png

Longitudinal cross section: elliptical COGRX long.png

Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=31037
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Collomia%20grandiflora