Difference between revisions of "Collomia grandiflora"

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'''common name:''' Large-flower mountain-trumpet, Large-flowered collomia, Grand collomia
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* Latin Name: ''Collomia'' ''grandiflora''
[[File:COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg|thumb|right|150px|Flower]]
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* Family: Polemoniaceae
'''Abbreviation Code:''' COGR2
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* Common Names: large-flowered collomia, large-flower mountain-trumpet
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* Codon: COLGRA
  
== Taxonomy ==
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=== Taxonomy ===
*Kingdom         Plantae – Plants <br>
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{{Taxobox
*Subkingdom         Tracheobionta – Vascular plants  <br>
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| name = '''''Collomia grandiflora'''''
*Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants <br>
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| image = COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg
*Division         Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants <br>
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| image_caption =Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page
*Class         Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons <br>
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
*Subclass         Asteridae <br>
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
*Order         Solanales <br>
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
*Family         Polemoniaceae - Phlox family <br>
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
*Genus         Collomia <br>
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
*Species C. grandiflora Douglas ex Lindl. – grand collomia
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Ericales
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| familia =  Polemoniaceae
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| genus = '''''Collomia''''' Nutt.
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| species = '''''Collomia grandiflora''''' Douglas ex. Lindl
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}}
  
 
== Description ==
 
== Description ==
 
General: Annual, the stem simple or branched, erect, 0.5-5 dm. tall, minutely pubescent.
 
General: Annual, the stem simple or branched, erect, 0.5-5 dm. tall, minutely pubescent.
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Leaves: Lower leaves opposite, petiolate, often toothed when well developed; upper leaves opposite or whorled, entire, usually glabrous, becoming sessile upward, narrowly elliptic or oblong to nearly linear.
 
Leaves: Lower leaves opposite, petiolate, often toothed when well developed; upper leaves opposite or whorled, entire, usually glabrous, becoming sessile upward, narrowly elliptic or oblong to nearly linear.
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Flowers: Flowers 1-few on short pedicels in the axils of reduced upper leaves; calyx 5-8 mm. long, 5-lobed; corolla bi-labiate, blue with white or pinkish upper lip, 9-17 mm. long, the tube abruptly bent at a right angle to the calyx, shortly pouched at the bend; stamens 4.
 
Flowers: Flowers 1-few on short pedicels in the axils of reduced upper leaves; calyx 5-8 mm. long, 5-lobed; corolla bi-labiate, blue with white or pinkish upper lip, 9-17 mm. long, the tube abruptly bent at a right angle to the calyx, shortly pouched at the bend; stamens 4.
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Fruit: Capsule opening along 4 lines.
 
Fruit: Capsule opening along 4 lines.
 
  
 
== Bloom Period ==
 
== Bloom Period ==
April - June
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{| border="1"
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|-
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| FloweringTime
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| April - June
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|}
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== Distribution ==
 
== Distribution ==
 
West of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, and in the Columbia River Gorge.
 
West of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, and in the Columbia River Gorge.
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Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains. Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.
 
Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains. Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.
 
== Uses ==
 
== Uses ==
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Infusion of roots or of leaves and stalks taken by Okanogan-Colville as a laxative; Infusion of roots taken by Okanogan-Colville for high fevers; Leaves used by Paiute and others as a protective covering for filled berry containers.
  
 
== Propagation ==
 
== Propagation ==
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Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.
 
Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.
  
table making:
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[[File:COGR.png|thumb|right|300px|''Collomia grandiflora'' seeds <br> Photo Credit Lisa HIntz]]
 
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{| border="1"
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|-
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| FloweringTime
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| April - June
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|}
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[[File:COGR.png|thumb|right|300px|''Collomia grandiflora'' seeds </br> Photo Credit Lisa HIntz]]
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{{Basics}}
 
{{Basics}}
  
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==References==
 
== Photo Gallery ==
 
== Photo Gallery ==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
File:COGRX BenLegler flw good.jpg
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File:COGRX BenLegler flw1 good.jpg|Photo: Ben Legler
File:COGRX BenLegler flw1 good.jpg
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File:COGRX MarionCJerisch sdh good.JPG| Photo by Marion C. Jerisch, courtesy of CNLM.
File:COGRX MarionCJerisch sdh good.JPG
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File:COLGRA3.jpg|Young growth, courtesy of CNLM
File:COGRX MarionCJerisch veg good.JPG
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
==References==
 

Latest revision as of 20:07, 29 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Collomia grandiflora
  • Family: Polemoniaceae
  • Common Names: large-flowered collomia, large-flower mountain-trumpet
  • Codon: COLGRA

Taxonomy

Collomia grandiflora
Photo by Ben Legler, 2004. Also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Ericales
Family: Polemoniaceae
Genus: Collomia Nutt.
Species: Collomia grandiflora Douglas ex. Lindl

Description

General: Annual, the stem simple or branched, erect, 0.5-5 dm. tall, minutely pubescent.

Leaves: Lower leaves opposite, petiolate, often toothed when well developed; upper leaves opposite or whorled, entire, usually glabrous, becoming sessile upward, narrowly elliptic or oblong to nearly linear.

Flowers: Flowers 1-few on short pedicels in the axils of reduced upper leaves; calyx 5-8 mm. long, 5-lobed; corolla bi-labiate, blue with white or pinkish upper lip, 9-17 mm. long, the tube abruptly bent at a right angle to the calyx, shortly pouched at the bend; stamens 4.

Fruit: Capsule opening along 4 lines.

Bloom Period

FloweringTime April - June

Distribution

West of the Cascade summits, British Columbia to California, and in the Columbia River Gorge.

Habitat

Open, moist to rather dry areas, low to moderate elevations in the mountains. Moist to drier soil – not heat-resistant and requires cool nights.

Uses

Infusion of roots or of leaves and stalks taken by Okanogan-Colville as a laxative; Infusion of roots taken by Okanogan-Colville for high fevers; Leaves used by Paiute and others as a protective covering for filled berry containers.

Propagation

Sow seeds in both the fall and early spring for the maximum season of flowering.

Collomia grandiflora seeds
Photo Credit Lisa HIntz


Seed

Abbreviation: COGRX

Seed sample from: 2011

Average measurement: 3 x 1.5 x 1.1

Measurement range: L: 2.75 - 3.1 W: 1.2 x 1.7 D: 0.9 x 1.3

Features

Shape: One end of seed is slightly more rounded than other. This is the hilium end. One side of seed has longitudinal sulcus that does not reach the hilium or opposite apex.

Color: Hilium indistinct. Entire seed surface mostly uniform in color. Seed is brown with some white spots that are flakey looking.

Surface:Entire seed is very bumpy, sometimes slightly ridged. When wet, seed coat forms many clear, mucilaginous threads.

Could be confused with: Gilia capitata

Latitudinal cross section: elliptical COGRX lat.png

Longitudinal cross section: elliptical COGRX long.png

Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

References

Photo Gallery