Difference between revisions of "Drymocallis glandulosa"

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'''common names'''
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* Scientific Name: ''Drymocallis glandulosa'' subsp. ''glandulosa''
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* Family: Rosaceae
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* Common Names: sticky cinquefoil, Douglas's cinquefoil
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Potentilla glandulosa,'' ''D. glandulosa'' vars. ''reflexa, wrangelliana.''
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* Codon: DRYGLA
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----
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[[File:DRYGLA3.jpg |thumb|Photo by Susan McDougall. Photographer's website: www.treeslivehere.com. Also featured on Main Page.]]
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===Taxonomy===
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{{Taxobox
 +
| image =
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| image_caption = Photo by Susan McDougall. Photographer's website: www.treeslivehere.com. Also featured on Main Page.
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| name =
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Viridiplantae
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| phylum = Tracheophyta
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| subphylum= Spermatophytina
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Rosanae
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| ordo = Rosales
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| familia = Rosaceae
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| genus = ''Drymocallis'' Fourr. ex Rydb.
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| species = '''''Drymocallis glandulosa''''' (Lindl.) Ryb
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| subspecies = '''''Drymocallis glandulosa'' var. ''glandulosa''''' (Lindl. Ryb)
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| synonyms = *''Potentilla glandulosa'' Lindl.
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*''Potentilla glandulosa'' ssp. ''glandulosa'' Lindl.
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*''Potentilla glandulosa'' ssp. ''typica'' D.D. Keck
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}}
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<ref>Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=512539</ref>
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===Description===
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Tufted glandular perennial herb with reddish stems.<ref name=":0">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington.
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Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Drymocallis%20glandulosa</ref>
  
'''Abbreviation code:''' POGL
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Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme, rotate flowers 5-petalled, corolla and calyx spreading to reflexed, in this subspecies, white or yellow petals slightly shorter than sepals.<ref name=":1">Hitchcock,
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C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of''
 +
the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''. Seattle: University of''
 +
Washington Press.</ref>
  
==Taxonomy==
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Leaves are alternate, stipulate, odd-pinnate compound.<ref name=":1" />
==Description==
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==Bloom Period==
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==Distribution==
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Sticky Cinquefoil is a one to two foot tall perennial with creamy yellow flowers. It has soft pinnately compound leaves and red stems. It is a highly variable perennial forb. Erect stems arise 4 to 24 inches (10-60 cm) from a loosely branched caudex. The mostly basal leaves are pinnately compound and sharply serrate. Leaves and stems are glandular pubescent. Flowers are few to many in a flat-topped cyme. Fruits are glabrous achenes.
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==Habitat==
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Fruit is a glabrous achene.<ref name=":1" />
==Uses==
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==Propagation==
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===Bloom Period===
==Photo Gallery==
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June - August<ref name=":0" />
==References==
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 +
===Distribution===
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BC and south to California, on both sides of the Cascades, and east to Montana.<ref name=":1" />
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===Habitat===
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Ecological Setting Sticky cinquefoil occurs in a wide variety of habitat types
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Soil Texture Medium textured, well-drained loam Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.
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 +
Shade Tolerance: Intermediate shade tolerance. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates shade.
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Successional Status: Sticky cinquefoil is an early-seral, shade-intolerant species that establishes and/or increases following fire, logging, and grazing. Sticky cinquefoil is not a common component of mature forest vegetation. However, it can persist on old fields for several decades after abandonment.<ref name=":2">Reeves, Sonja L. 2008. Potentilla glandulosa.
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In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].
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U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station,
 +
Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available:
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<nowiki>https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/potgla/all.html</nowiki>
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[2020, June 2].</ref>
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===Uses===
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Nlaka'pamux use of decoction as a general tonic, and a stimulant tonic. <ref>Native
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American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=potentilla+glandulosa</nowiki></ref>
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 +
===Propagation===
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Cold stratification not required. Sticky cinquefoil seeds are stimulated to germinate by warm temperatures, and germination may be enhanced by a stratification period. Sticky cinquefoil germinates on bare soil in full sun and often germinates profusely following scarification resulting from either mechanical treatments or heavy livestock use. In a greenhouse, fresh, untreated sticky cinquefoil seeds germinated 9 days after being sown.<ref name=":2" />
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===Photo Gallery===
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<gallery>
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File:DRYGLA1.jpg|photo by Ben Legler
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File:DRYGLA2.jpg| photo by Bernard Kovalchik
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File:POGL LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg| Seeds, photo Lisa Hintz
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</gallery>
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 +
===References===
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<references />

Latest revision as of 22:55, 20 March 2021

  • Scientific Name: Drymocallis glandulosa subsp. glandulosa
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Common Names: sticky cinquefoil, Douglas's cinquefoil
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Potentilla glandulosa, D. glandulosa vars. reflexa, wrangelliana.
  • Codon: DRYGLA

Photo by Susan McDougall. Photographer's website: www.treeslivehere.com. Also featured on Main Page.

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosanae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Drymocallis Fourr. ex Rydb.
Species: Drymocallis glandulosa (Lindl.) Ryb
Subspecies: Drymocallis glandulosa var. glandulosa (Lindl. Ryb)
Synonyms
  • Potentilla glandulosa Lindl.
  • Potentilla glandulosa ssp. glandulosa Lindl.
  • Potentilla glandulosa ssp. typica D.D. Keck

[1]

Description

Tufted glandular perennial herb with reddish stems.[2]

Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme, rotate flowers 5-petalled, corolla and calyx spreading to reflexed, in this subspecies, white or yellow petals slightly shorter than sepals.[3]

Leaves are alternate, stipulate, odd-pinnate compound.[3]

Fruit is a glabrous achene.[3]

Bloom Period

June - August[2]

Distribution

BC and south to California, on both sides of the Cascades, and east to Montana.[3]

Habitat

Ecological Setting Sticky cinquefoil occurs in a wide variety of habitat types Soil Texture Medium textured, well-drained loam Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate shade tolerance. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates shade.

Successional Status: Sticky cinquefoil is an early-seral, shade-intolerant species that establishes and/or increases following fire, logging, and grazing. Sticky cinquefoil is not a common component of mature forest vegetation. However, it can persist on old fields for several decades after abandonment.[4]

Uses

Nlaka'pamux use of decoction as a general tonic, and a stimulant tonic. [5]

Propagation

Cold stratification not required. Sticky cinquefoil seeds are stimulated to germinate by warm temperatures, and germination may be enhanced by a stratification period. Sticky cinquefoil germinates on bare soil in full sun and often germinates profusely following scarification resulting from either mechanical treatments or heavy livestock use. In a greenhouse, fresh, untreated sticky cinquefoil seeds germinated 9 days after being sown.[4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=512539
  2. 2.0 2.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Drymocallis%20glandulosa
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Reeves, Sonja L. 2008. Potentilla glandulosa. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/potgla/all.html [2020, June 2].
  5. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=potentilla+glandulosa