Difference between revisions of "Drymocallis glandulosa"

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'''common names''' Sticky cinquefoil
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* Latin Name: ''Drymocallis glandulosa'' subsp. ''glandulosa''
 
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* Family: Rosaceae
'''Abbreviation code:''' POGL
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* Common Names: sticky cinquefoil, Douglas's cinquefoil
 
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Potentilla glandulosa,'' ''D. glandulosa'' vars. ''reflexa, wrangelliana.''
 +
* Codon: DRYGLA
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
 +
{{Taxobox
 +
| image = DRYGLA3.jpg
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| image_caption = Photo by Susan McDougall. Photographer's website: www.treeslivehere.com. Also featured on Main Page.
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| name = '''''Drymocallis glandulosa''''' var. '''''glandulosa'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Rosanae
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| ordo = Rosales
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| familia = Rosaceae
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| genus = '''''Drymocallis''''' Fourr. ex Rydb.
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| species = '''''Drymocallis glandulosa''''' (Lindl.) Ryb
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| subspecies = '''''Drymocallis glandulosa''''' var. '''''glandulosa''''' (Lindl. Ryb)
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}}
  
*Kingdom: Plantae
 
*(unranked): Angiosperms
 
*(unranked): Eudicots
 
*Order: Rosales
 
*Family: Rosaceae
 
*Genus: Potentilla
 
*Species: P. glandulosa
 
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
 +
Tufted glandular perennial herb with reddish stems.<ref name=":0">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington.
 +
Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Drymocallis%20glandulosa</ref>
 +
 +
Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme, rotate flowers 5-petalled, corolla and calyx spreading to reflexed, in this subspecies, white or yellow petals slightly shorter than sepals.<ref name=":1">Hitchcock,
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C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of''
 +
the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''. Seattle: University of''
 +
Washington Press.</ref>
 +
 +
Leaves are alternate, stipulate, odd-pinnate compound.<ref name=":1" />
 +
 +
Fruit is a glabrous achene.<ref name=":1" />
 +
 
==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
 +
June - August<ref name=":0" />
 +
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
Sticky Cinquefoil is a one to two foot tall perennial with creamy yellow flowers. It has soft pinnately compound leaves and red stems. It is a highly variable perennial forb. Erect stems arise 4 to 24 inches (10-60 cm) from a loosely branched caudex. The mostly basal leaves are pinnately compound and sharply serrate. Leaves and stems are glandular pubescent. Flowers are few to many in a flat-topped cyme. Fruits are glabrous achenes.
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BC and south to California, on both sides of the Cascades, and east to Montana.<ref name=":1" />
  
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
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Ecological Setting Sticky cinquefoil occurs in a wide variety of habitat types
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Soil Texture Medium textured, well-drained loam Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.
 +
 +
Shade Tolerance: Intermediate shade tolerance. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates shade.
 +
 +
Successional Status: Sticky cinquefoil is an early-seral, shade-intolerant species that establishes and/or increases following fire, logging, and grazing. Sticky cinquefoil is not a common component of mature forest vegetation. However, it can persist on old fields for several decades after abandonment.<ref name=":2">Reeves, Sonja L. 2008. Potentilla glandulosa.
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In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online].
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U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station,
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Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available:
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<nowiki>https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/potgla/all.html</nowiki>
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[2020, June 2].</ref>
 +
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
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Nlaka'pamux use of decoction as a general tonic, and a stimulant tonic. <ref>Native
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American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=potentilla+glandulosa</nowiki></ref>
 +
 
==Propagation==
 
==Propagation==
 +
Cold stratification not required. Sticky cinquefoil seeds are stimulated to germinate by warm temperatures, and germination may be enhanced by a stratification period. Sticky cinquefoil germinates on bare soil in full sun and often germinates profusely following scarification resulting from either mechanical treatments or heavy livestock use. In a greenhouse, fresh, untreated sticky cinquefoil seeds germinated 9 days after being sown.<ref name=":2" />
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==Photo Gallery==
 
==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
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File:DRYGLA1.jpg|photo by Ben Legler
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File:DRYGLA2.jpg| photo by Bernard Kovalchik
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File:POGL LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg| Seeds, photo Lisa Hintz
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</gallery>
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 15:52, 12 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Drymocallis glandulosa subsp. glandulosa
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Common Names: sticky cinquefoil, Douglas's cinquefoil
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Potentilla glandulosa, D. glandulosa vars. reflexa, wrangelliana.
  • Codon: DRYGLA

Taxonomy

Drymocallis glandulosa var. glandulosa
Photo by Susan McDougall. Photographer's website: www.treeslivehere.com. Also featured on Main Page.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosanae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Drymocallis Fourr. ex Rydb.
Species: Drymocallis glandulosa (Lindl.) Ryb
Subspecies: Drymocallis glandulosa var. glandulosa (Lindl. Ryb)

Description

Tufted glandular perennial herb with reddish stems.[1]

Inflorescence a few-flowered cyme, rotate flowers 5-petalled, corolla and calyx spreading to reflexed, in this subspecies, white or yellow petals slightly shorter than sepals.[2]

Leaves are alternate, stipulate, odd-pinnate compound.[2]

Fruit is a glabrous achene.[2]

Bloom Period

June - August[1]

Distribution

BC and south to California, on both sides of the Cascades, and east to Montana.[2]

Habitat

Ecological Setting Sticky cinquefoil occurs in a wide variety of habitat types Soil Texture Medium textured, well-drained loam Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.

Shade Tolerance: Intermediate shade tolerance. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.Prefers a position in full sun, but tolerates shade.

Successional Status: Sticky cinquefoil is an early-seral, shade-intolerant species that establishes and/or increases following fire, logging, and grazing. Sticky cinquefoil is not a common component of mature forest vegetation. However, it can persist on old fields for several decades after abandonment.[3]

Uses

Nlaka'pamux use of decoction as a general tonic, and a stimulant tonic. [4]

Propagation

Cold stratification not required. Sticky cinquefoil seeds are stimulated to germinate by warm temperatures, and germination may be enhanced by a stratification period. Sticky cinquefoil germinates on bare soil in full sun and often germinates profusely following scarification resulting from either mechanical treatments or heavy livestock use. In a greenhouse, fresh, untreated sticky cinquefoil seeds germinated 9 days after being sown.[3]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Drymocallis%20glandulosa
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Reeves, Sonja L. 2008. Potentilla glandulosa. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/potgla/all.html [2020, June 2].
  4. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=potentilla+glandulosa