Difference between revisions of "Festuca roemeri"

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* Latin Name: ''Festuca'' ''roemeri''
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* Scientific Name: ''Festuca'' ''roemeri''
 
* Family: Poaceae
 
* Family: Poaceae
 
* Common Names: Roemer's fescue
 
* Common Names: Roemer's fescue
 
* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Festuca'' ''idahoensis''
 
* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Festuca'' ''idahoensis''
 
* Codon: FESROE
 
* Codon: FESROE
==Taxonomy==
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----
 
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[[File:FESROE3.jpg |thumb|Photo by Regina Johnson, also featured on Main Page]]
 +
===Taxonomy===
 
{{Taxobox
 
{{Taxobox
| name = Festuca roemeri
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| name =  
| image = FESROE3.jpg
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| image =  
 
| image_caption = Photo by Regina Johnson. Also featured on Main Page.
 
| image_caption = Photo by Regina Johnson. Also featured on Main Page.
 
| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
 
| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| subregnum = Viridiplantae
| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| phylum = Tracheophyta
| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| subphylum= Spermatophytina
| classis = Liliopsida
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
| subclassis = Commelinidae
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| subclassis = Lilanae
| ordo = Cyperales
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| ordo = Poales
 
| familia = Poaceae
 
| familia = Poaceae
| genus = '''''Festuca''''' L.
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| genus = ''Festuca'' L.
 
| species = ''''' Festuca roemeri ''''' (Pavlick) E.B. Alexeev
 
| species = ''''' Festuca roemeri ''''' (Pavlick) E.B. Alexeev
 
 
}}
 
}}
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<ref>Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=513556</ref>
  
==Description==
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===Description===
Roemer’s fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity and mostly basal foliage. It is short, fine textured, and densely tufted, and has stiff culms that grow 35-100 cm tall. The panicle (seed head) is open and 5-20 cm long. Leaves are often glaucous (covered with a whitish waxy coating) and color varies throughout a wide spectrum of greens and blues. Stem color ranges from light green to dark purple or red.
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Roemer’s fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity and mostly basal foliage. It is short, fine textured, and densely tufted, and has stiff culms that grow 35-100 cm tall. The panicle (seed head) is open and 5-20 cm long. Leaves are often glaucous (covered with a whitish waxy coating) and color varies throughout a wide spectrum of greens and blues. Stem color ranges from light green to dark purple or red.<ref name=":0">USDA NRCS Plant Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_fero.pdf</ref>
==Bloom Period==
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===Bloom Period===
April or late May - July
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May - July<ref name=":1">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Festuca%20roemeri
 +
</ref>
  
==Distribution==
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===Distribution===
 +
Chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.<ref name=":1" />
  
==Habitat==
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===Habitat===
 
Rocky slopes & dry openings in woods below 5000 ft.
 
Rocky slopes & dry openings in woods below 5000 ft.
 
Deep, fertile to thin, rocky soils.
 
Deep, fertile to thin, rocky soils.
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The species generally grows in full sun but will tolerate partial shade near forest edges and oaks.
 
The species generally grows in full sun but will tolerate partial shade near forest edges and oaks.
  
Roemer’s fescue is a mid to late succession species in its natural habitat.
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Roemer’s fescue is a mid to late succession species in its natural habitat.<ref name=":0" />
  
==Uses==
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===Uses===
  
 
==== Ecology and Wildlife ====
 
==== Ecology and Wildlife ====
Roemer’s fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington, and northwest California. Typically found on steep, shallow, or highly mineral soils, it may also be useful for revegetation and erosion control where a slower establishing, fine textured native grass is desired, although Roemer’s fescue does not compete well with introduced grasses.
+
Roemer’s fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington, and northwest California. Typically found on steep, shallow, or highly mineral soils, it may also be useful for revegetation and erosion control where a slower establishing, fine textured native grass is desired, although Roemer’s fescue does not compete well with introduced grasses.<ref name=":0" />
 
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Larval host to Mardon skipper (''Polites mardon''), a rare PNW butterfly. Forage value and palatability for wildlife and livestock are unknown, but may be similar to Idaho fescue (F. idahoensis).
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Possible uses are low maintenance lawns or as a cover crop in vineyards and young orchards, although further evaluation is needed. Some populations and specimens have ornamental value, including those with fine textured, purple and red tinged stems or bluish foliage.
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==Propagation==
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Larval host to Mardon skipper (''Polites mardon''), a rare PNW butterfly.<ref>Hatfield, R. et al. (2013). ''Management Plans for mardon skipper (Polites mardon ssp.
Propagate by seed, though seeds are not highly germinable. A seeding rate of 1 lb/ac results in about 12 seeds/sq. ft. Sown alone, recommended rates vary from 4 to 20 pure live seed (PLS) lbs/ac depending on goals. Fall seeding is generally preferred but not required. Rate of establishment from seed is moderately slow. Spring sown plants do not flower until the second full growing season.
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klamathensis) sites on Lily Glen and Howard Prairie.'' USFS. Retrieved from https://www.fs.fed.us/r6/sfpnw/issssp/documents2/smp-iile-poma-lily-glen-howard-prairie-2013-03.pdf</ref> Forage value and palatability for wildlife and livestock are unknown, but may be similar to Idaho fescue (F. idahoensis).  
 +
Possible uses are low maintenance lawns or as a cover crop in vineyards and young orchards, although further evaluation is needed. Some populations and specimens have ornamental value, including those with fine textured, purple and red tinged stems or bluish foliage.<ref name=":0" />
  
==References==
+
===Propagation===
==Photo Gallery==
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Propagate by seed, though seeds are not highly germinable.  A seeding rate of 1 lb/ac results in about 12 seeds/sq. ft. Sown alone, recommended rates vary from 4 to 20 pure live seed (PLS) lbs/ac depending on goals. Fall seeding is generally preferred but not required. Rate of establishment from seed is moderately slow. Spring sown plants do not flower until the second full growing season.<ref name=":0" />
 +
===Photo Gallery===
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
File:FESROE2.jpg|Photo by Regina Johnson, 2011.
 
File:FESROE2.jpg|Photo by Regina Johnson, 2011.
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File:FESROE1.jpg| Photo by Susan McDougall, 2014. (www.treeslivehere.com)  
 
File:FESROE1.jpg| Photo by Susan McDougall, 2014. (www.treeslivehere.com)  
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 +
===References===
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 15:23, 29 March 2021

  • Scientific Name: Festuca roemeri
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Common Names: Roemer's fescue
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Festuca idahoensis
  • Codon: FESROE

Photo by Regina Johnson, also featured on Main Page

Taxonomy

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridiplantae
Phylum: Tracheophyta
Subphylum: Spermatophytina
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Lilanae
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Festuca L.
Species: Festuca roemeri (Pavlick) E.B. Alexeev

[1]

Description

Roemer’s fescue is a native cool season perennial bunchgrass with variable longevity and mostly basal foliage. It is short, fine textured, and densely tufted, and has stiff culms that grow 35-100 cm tall. The panicle (seed head) is open and 5-20 cm long. Leaves are often glaucous (covered with a whitish waxy coating) and color varies throughout a wide spectrum of greens and blues. Stem color ranges from light green to dark purple or red.[2]

Bloom Period

May - July[3]

Distribution

Chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia south to California.[3]

Habitat

Rocky slopes & dry openings in woods below 5000 ft. Deep, fertile to thin, rocky soils.

It prefers moderately acid to slightly alkaline, fine to medium textured mineral soils. Medium water use – While drought tolerant with extensive roots, it is found on somewhat more mesic (moist) sites such as the edges of grassy balds. As an upland grass it requires good soil drainage and does not tolerate winter soil saturation or flooding.

The species generally grows in full sun but will tolerate partial shade near forest edges and oaks.

Roemer’s fescue is a mid to late succession species in its natural habitat.[2]

Uses

Ecology and Wildlife

Roemer’s fescue is an important native grass for restoration of upland prairie and oak savanna within its natural range of western Oregon, western Washington, and northwest California. Typically found on steep, shallow, or highly mineral soils, it may also be useful for revegetation and erosion control where a slower establishing, fine textured native grass is desired, although Roemer’s fescue does not compete well with introduced grasses.[2]

Larval host to Mardon skipper (Polites mardon), a rare PNW butterfly.[4] Forage value and palatability for wildlife and livestock are unknown, but may be similar to Idaho fescue (F. idahoensis). Possible uses are low maintenance lawns or as a cover crop in vineyards and young orchards, although further evaluation is needed. Some populations and specimens have ornamental value, including those with fine textured, purple and red tinged stems or bluish foliage.[2]

Propagation

Propagate by seed, though seeds are not highly germinable. A seeding rate of 1 lb/ac results in about 12 seeds/sq. ft. Sown alone, recommended rates vary from 4 to 20 pure live seed (PLS) lbs/ac depending on goals. Fall seeding is generally preferred but not required. Rate of establishment from seed is moderately slow. Spring sown plants do not flower until the second full growing season.[2]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved from https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=513556
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 USDA NRCS Plant Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_fero.pdf
  3. 3.0 3.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Festuca%20roemeri
  4. Hatfield, R. et al. (2013). Management Plans for mardon skipper (Polites mardon ssp. klamathensis) sites on Lily Glen and Howard Prairie. USFS. Retrieved from https://www.fs.fed.us/r6/sfpnw/issssp/documents2/smp-iile-poma-lily-glen-howard-prairie-2013-03.pdf