Difference between revisions of "Gilia capitata"

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(Created page with '===Seed=== '''Abbreviation:''' GICA '''Seed sample from:''' 2011 '''Average Measurement:''' 1.7 x 1.1 x 0.7 '''Measurement Range: L:''' 1.2 – 2, W: 0.75 – 1.4, D: 0.5 – …')
 
 
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===Seed===
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'''Common name:''' Blue gilia, Blue thimble flower, Globe gilia, Blue-head-gily-flower
'''Abbreviation:''' GICA
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[[File:GICA GaryAMonroe veg good.jpg|thumb|250px|right|''Gilia capitata'' growth habit]]
 +
'''Abbreviation code (Codon):''' GICA
 +
===Taxonomy===
 +
----
 +
*Kingdom: Plantae <br>
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*(unranked): Angiosperms <br>
 +
*(unranked): Eudicots <br>
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*(unranked): Asterids <br>
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*Order: Ericales <br>
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*Family: Polemoniaceae <br>
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*Genus: Gilia <br>
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*Species: G. capitata <br>
  
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===Description===
 +
----
 +
*General: Erect, slender, sparingly-branched annual, the glabrous to stipitate-glandular stem 1.5-10 dm. tall.
 +
 +
*Leaves: Leaves basal and cauline, the lower bipinnatifid with slender rachis and narrow ultimate segments; reduced upward and becoming pinnatifid.
 +
 +
*Flowers: Flowers sessile in dense, 50- to 100-flowered heads terminating the stem and branches; corolla bluish, 6-10 mm. long, the 5 slender lobes about equaling the tube; calyx with prominent translucent intervals between the 5 herbaceous segments; filaments inserted in the sinuses of the corolla, about equal to the lobes; style 3-parted; ovary superior.
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 +
*Fruit: Capsules with 3 carpels, each with 2, 3 or 0 seeds; become mucilaginous when wet.
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 +
===Bloom Period===
 +
----
 +
May, June, July
 +
 +
===Distribution===
 +
----
 +
More common west of the Cascade summits,Vancouver Island, British Columbia, to California, east to Idaho
 +
 +
===Habitat===
 +
----
 +
Fairly common in dry to moist open meadows, rock outcrops, rocky slopes, clearings, and roadsides, at low to middle elevation; escaped from cultivation and established in a few places in southeast Alaska
 +
 +
===Uses===
 +
----
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Unknown human uses
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 +
===Propagation===
 +
----
 +
Seeds may be sown from autumn to early spring, but germination is better when planted with autumn rains. Self-sows readily
 +
 +
===Seed===
 +
----
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
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'''Shape:''' Seed narrow at hilium end, broadening at opposite apex. Hilium inconspicuous. Uniformity in shape is not that common, but most seeds take a relatively teardrop shaped.  
 
'''Shape:''' Seed narrow at hilium end, broadening at opposite apex. Hilium inconspicuous. Uniformity in shape is not that common, but most seeds take a relatively teardrop shaped.  
 +
 +
[[File:GICA DennisPlank sd good.jpg|250px|thumb|right|GICA seeds. <br> Photo by Dennis Plank]]
  
 
'''Color:'''  Seed is brown, very bumpy, and slightly lustrous.
 
'''Color:'''  Seed is brown, very bumpy, and slightly lustrous.
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Could be confused with COGRX, but GICA is about ½ the size and does not have sulcus.
 
Could be confused with COGRX, but GICA is about ½ the size and does not have sulcus.
  
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical  
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'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:GICA lat.png]]
 +
 
 +
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' obovate  [[File:GICA long.png]]
  
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' obovate
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===References===
 +
----
 +
<References/>
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[http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GICA5| USDA plant profile] <br>
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilia_capitata| GICA Wikipedia] <br>
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[http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php| Burke Herbarium] <br>
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[http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=GICA5| Wildflower.org] <br>
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MacKinnon, Andy, and Jim Pojar. Plants of the Pacific Northwest coast. Lone Pine Pub, 2004. Print.
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<References/>
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{{Basics}}
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===Photo Gallery===
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----
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<gallery>
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File:GICA GaryAMonroe flw good.jpg
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File:GICA LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg
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File:GICA WildflowerCenterStaff sdl good.jpg
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File:GICA SpencerAlexander sdl 2012.JPG
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</gallery>

Latest revision as of 16:36, 21 May 2012

Common name: Blue gilia, Blue thimble flower, Globe gilia, Blue-head-gily-flower

Gilia capitata growth habit

Abbreviation code (Codon): GICA

Taxonomy


  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • (unranked): Angiosperms
  • (unranked): Eudicots
  • (unranked): Asterids
  • Order: Ericales
  • Family: Polemoniaceae
  • Genus: Gilia
  • Species: G. capitata

Description


  • General: Erect, slender, sparingly-branched annual, the glabrous to stipitate-glandular stem 1.5-10 dm. tall.
  • Leaves: Leaves basal and cauline, the lower bipinnatifid with slender rachis and narrow ultimate segments; reduced upward and becoming pinnatifid.
  • Flowers: Flowers sessile in dense, 50- to 100-flowered heads terminating the stem and branches; corolla bluish, 6-10 mm. long, the 5 slender lobes about equaling the tube; calyx with prominent translucent intervals between the 5 herbaceous segments; filaments inserted in the sinuses of the corolla, about equal to the lobes; style 3-parted; ovary superior.
  • Fruit: Capsules with 3 carpels, each with 2, 3 or 0 seeds; become mucilaginous when wet.

Bloom Period


May, June, July

Distribution


More common west of the Cascade summits,Vancouver Island, British Columbia, to California, east to Idaho

Habitat


Fairly common in dry to moist open meadows, rock outcrops, rocky slopes, clearings, and roadsides, at low to middle elevation; escaped from cultivation and established in a few places in southeast Alaska

Uses


Unknown human uses

Propagation


Seeds may be sown from autumn to early spring, but germination is better when planted with autumn rains. Self-sows readily

Seed


Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 1.7 x 1.1 x 0.7

Measurement Range: L: 1.2 – 2, W: 0.75 – 1.4, D: 0.5 – 1.1

Features

Shape: Seed narrow at hilium end, broadening at opposite apex. Hilium inconspicuous. Uniformity in shape is not that common, but most seeds take a relatively teardrop shaped.

GICA seeds.
Photo by Dennis Plank

Color: Seed is brown, very bumpy, and slightly lustrous.

Surface: Seed coat becomes very mucilaginous and stringy when wet.

Could be confused with COGRX, but GICA is about ½ the size and does not have sulcus.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical GICA lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: obovate GICA long.png

References


USDA plant profile
GICA Wikipedia
Burke Herbarium
Wildflower.org
MacKinnon, Andy, and Jim Pojar. Plants of the Pacific Northwest coast. Lone Pine Pub, 2004. Print.

Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery