Difference between revisions of "Leptosiphon bicolor"

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'''Synonym''': ''Linanthus bicolor''  
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* Latin Name: ''Leptosiphon'' ''bicolor''
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* Family: Polemoniaceae
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* Common Names: bicolored babystars, bicolored linanthus
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Linanthus'' ''bicolor''
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* Codon: LEPBIC
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==Taxonomy==
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{{Taxobox
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| image =LEBI BenLegler flw good1.jpg
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| image_caption =photo by Ben Legler, also featured on Main Page
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| name = '''''Leptosiphon bicolor'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Ericales
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| familia = Polemoniaceae
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| genus = '''''Leptosiphon''''' Benth.
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| species = ''''' Leptosiphon bicolor''''' var. Nutt.
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| subspecies =
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}}
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----
  
'''Family''': Polemoniaceae
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==Description==
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----
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Annual, slender taprooted herb.
  
'''English Common Name''': true babystar
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Opposite, sessile, palmately lobed leaves, leaf segments linear-elongate.<ref name=":0">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
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Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>The leaves of the inflorescence larger and often more lobed than the cauline leaves.<ref name=":1">Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. ''E-Flora BC:  Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia'' [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-09 2:18:57 PM ]</ref>
  
'''English Family Name''': Pholx family
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Inflorescence dense, bracteate heads, flowers subsessile, corolla tube 12-30 mm, flowers pink to white, generally bicolored. Calyx more or less glabrous, sometimes scarcely hispid on outer surface or with marginal cilia.<ref name=":0" />
  
'''Taxonomy'''
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Fruits are 3-chambered capsules, bearing several seeds per capsule.<ref name=":1" />
  
*'''Kingdom''': Plantae
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From Greek ''lepto'', narrow, ''siphon'', tube, for shape of corolla tube.<ref name=":0" />
*'''Phylum''': Magnoliophyta
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==Bloom Period==
*'''Class''': Magnoliopsida
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----
*'''Order''': Ericales/ Solanales
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April- June<ref>WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
*'''Family''': Polemoniaceae
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& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Leptosiphon%20bicolor</nowiki></ref>
*'''Genus''': ''Leptosiphon''
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==Distribution==
*'''Species''': ''bicolor''  
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----
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West Cascades, southwest B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge, and east side of Cacsades in Oregon.<ref name=":0" />
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==Habitat==
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----
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Open, grassy places at lower elevation.<ref name=":0" />
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==Seed==
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----
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'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
'''Description'''
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[[File:LEBI LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|300px|thumb|''Leptosiphon'' seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz]]
 
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General: Slender annual up to 1.5 dm. tall, the stem puberulent, often branched at the base, otherwise usually simple.
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Leaves: Leaves rather firm, palmately 3-7 cleft, up to 2 cm. long, the segments linear, harshly ciliate.
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Flowers: Flowers fragrant, sub-sessile in a dense, terminal, leafy cluster, the inflorescence leaves longer and more prominently ciliate than the lower; calyx firm, 5-10 mm. long, the 5 segments with needle-like tips; corolla with a very slender tube up to 3 cm. long, the throat yellow, the 5 abruptly-flaring, short lobes deep pink to purplish or white; stamens 5, the filaments attached in the corolla throat; style 3-parted; ovary superior.
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Fruit: Capsule with 3, several-seeded carpels.
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'''Bloom Period'''
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April- June
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'''Distribution'''
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West of the Cascades, Vancouver Island, B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge
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'''Habitat'''
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Mesic to dry, open, grassy places in the lowland zone; locally frequent on S Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands; S to CA.
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'''Uses'''
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None found (at the moment)
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'''Propagation/ Seed Propagation'''
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Seeds were sown into cone-tainers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less, peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14). Flats of conetainers were placed in greenhouse set at moderate temperatures (70 degree days/50 degree nights.) Seeds germinated readily with no treatment. Most seeds germinated within one to two weeks. (Leptosiphon grandiflorus also needed no treatment before germination).
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===Seed===
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'''Abbreviation:''' LEBI
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'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
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'''Average Measurement:''' 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7
 
'''Average Measurement:''' 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7
  
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1
 
 
====Features====
 
====Features====
 
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.
  
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'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.
 
'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.
 
  
 
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI lat.png]]
 
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI lat.png]]
  
 
'''Longitudinal cross section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI long.png]] , and at times, obovate [[File:LEBI long ob.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal cross section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI long.png]] , and at times, obovate [[File:LEBI long ob.png]]
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----
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==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
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File:LEPBIC2.jpg|Photo by Ray Izumi, 2013
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File:LEBI LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|Photo by Lisa Hintz
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</gallery>
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----
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=== References ===
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<references />

Latest revision as of 14:35, 9 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Leptosiphon bicolor
  • Family: Polemoniaceae
  • Common Names: bicolored babystars, bicolored linanthus
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Linanthus bicolor
  • Codon: LEPBIC

Taxonomy

Leptosiphon bicolor
photo by Ben Legler, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Ericales
Family: Polemoniaceae
Genus: Leptosiphon Benth.
Species: Leptosiphon bicolor var. Nutt.

Description


Annual, slender taprooted herb.

Opposite, sessile, palmately lobed leaves, leaf segments linear-elongate.[1]The leaves of the inflorescence larger and often more lobed than the cauline leaves.[2]

Inflorescence dense, bracteate heads, flowers subsessile, corolla tube 12-30 mm, flowers pink to white, generally bicolored. Calyx more or less glabrous, sometimes scarcely hispid on outer surface or with marginal cilia.[1]

Fruits are 3-chambered capsules, bearing several seeds per capsule.[2]

From Greek lepto, narrow, siphon, tube, for shape of corolla tube.[1]

Bloom Period


April- June[3]

Distribution


West Cascades, southwest B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge, and east side of Cacsades in Oregon.[1]

Habitat


Open, grassy places at lower elevation.[1]

Seed


Seed sample from: 2011

Leptosiphon seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz

Average Measurement: 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7

Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1

Features

Shape: Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.

Color: Seeds partially translucent and brown. Hilium inconspicuous.

Surface: Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LEBI lat.png

Longitudinal cross section: elliptical LEBI long.png , and at times, obovate LEBI long ob.png


Photo Gallery


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-09 2:18:57 PM ]
  3. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Leptosiphon%20bicolor