Difference between revisions of "Leptosiphon bicolor"

From Puget Prairie Plants
 
(13 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
''Linanthus bicolor'' commonly known as true baby star is a flowering plant
+
* Latin Name: ''Leptosiphon'' ''bicolor''
apart of the Phlox  family (Polmoniaceae).
+
* Family: Polemoniaceae
 
+
* Common Names: bicolored babystars, bicolored linanthus
 
+
* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Linanthus'' ''bicolor''
[[File:LEBI BenLegler flw good1.jpg|250px|thumb|right|Flower Profile]]
+
* Codon: LEPBIC
 
+
 
+
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
 +
{{Taxobox
 +
| image =LEBI BenLegler flw good1.jpg
 +
| image_caption =photo by Ben Legler, also featured on Main Page
 +
| name = '''''Leptosiphon bicolor'''''
 +
| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
 +
| subregnum = Tracheobionta
 +
| phylum = Spermatophyta
 +
| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
 +
| classis = Magnoliopsida
 +
| subclassis = Asteranae
 +
| ordo = Ericales
 +
| familia = Polemoniaceae
 +
| genus = '''''Leptosiphon''''' Benth.
 +
| species = ''''' Leptosiphon bicolor''''' var. Nutt.
 +
| subspecies =
 +
}}
 
----
 
----
 
*'''Kingdom''': Plantae
 
*'''Phylum''': Magnoliophyta
 
*'''Class''': Magnoliopsida
 
*'''Order''': Ericales/ Solanales
 
*'''Family''': Polemoniaceae
 
*'''Genus''': ''Leptosiphon''
 
*'''Species''': ''bicolor''
 
 
 
 
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
 
----
 
----
 +
Annual, slender taprooted herb.
  
'''General:''' Slender annual up to 1.5 dm. tall, the stem puberulent, often branched at the base, otherwise usually simple.
+
Opposite, sessile, palmately lobed leaves, leaf segments linear-elongate.<ref name=":0">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
'''Leaves:''' Leaves rather firm, palmately 3-7 cleft, up to 2 cm. long, the segments linear, harshly ciliate.
+
B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
'''Flowers:''' Flowers fragrant, sub-sessile in a dense, terminal, leafy cluster, the inflorescence leaves longer and more prominently ciliate than the lower; calyx firm, 5-10 mm. long, the 5 segments with needle-like tips; corolla with a very slender tube up to 3 cm. long, the throat yellow, the 5 abruptly-flaring, short lobes deep pink to purplish or white; stamens 5, the filaments attached in the corolla throat; style 3-parted; ovary superior.
+
Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>The leaves of the inflorescence larger and often more lobed than the cauline leaves.<ref name=":1">Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. ''E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia'' [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-09 2:18:57 PM ]</ref>
'''Fruit:''' Capsule with 3, several-seeded carpels.
+
  
 +
Inflorescence dense, bracteate heads, flowers subsessile, corolla tube 12-30 mm, flowers pink to white, generally bicolored. Calyx more or less glabrous, sometimes scarcely hispid on outer surface or with marginal cilia.<ref name=":0" />
  
 +
Fruits are 3-chambered capsules, bearing several seeds per capsule.<ref name=":1" />
 +
 +
From Greek ''lepto'', narrow, ''siphon'', tube, for shape of corolla tube.<ref name=":0" />
 
==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
 
----
 
----
April- June
+
April- June<ref>WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
 +
& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Leptosiphon%20bicolor</nowiki></ref>
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
 
----
 
----
West of the Cascades, Vancouver Island, B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge
+
West Cascades, southwest B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge, and east side of Cacsades in Oregon.<ref name=":0" />
 
+
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
----
 
----
 
+
Open, grassy places at lower elevation.<ref name=":0" />
Mesic to dry, open, grassy places in the lowland zone; locally frequent on S Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands; S to CA.
+
==Seed==
 
+
==Uses==
+
 
----
 
----
 
None found (at the moment)
 
 
==Propagation==
 
----
 
Seeds were sown into cone-tainers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less, peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14). Flats of conetainers were placed in greenhouse set at moderate temperatures (70 degree days/50 degree nights.) Seeds germinated readily with no treatment. Most seeds germinated within one to two weeks. (Leptosiphon grandiflorus also needed no treatment before germination).
 
==Photo Gallery==
 
----
 
 
<gallery>
 
File:LEBI BenLegler flw good.jpg
 
File:LEBI BenLegler veg avg.jpg
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===Seed===
 
----
 
'''Abbreviation:''' LEBI
 
 
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
 
+
[[File:LEBI LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|300px|thumb|''Leptosiphon'' seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz]]
[[File:LEBI LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|300px|thumb|right|Leptosiphon seeds]]
+
  
 
'''Average Measurement:''' 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7
 
'''Average Measurement:''' 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7
  
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1
 
 
 
====Features====
 
====Features====
 
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.
  
Line 97: Line 61:
 
   
 
   
 
'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.
 
'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.
 
  
 
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI lat.png]]
 
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI lat.png]]
  
 
'''Longitudinal cross section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI long.png]] , and at times, obovate [[File:LEBI long ob.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal cross section:''' elliptical [[File:LEBI long.png]] , and at times, obovate [[File:LEBI long ob.png]]
 
 
'''References'''
 
 
----
 
----
http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php
+
==Photo Gallery==
http://plants.usda.gov/java/nameSearch
+
<gallery>
 +
File:LEPBIC2.jpg|Photo by Ray Izumi, 2013
 +
File:LEBI LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|Photo by Lisa Hintz
 +
</gallery>
 +
----
 +
 
 +
=== References ===
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 14:35, 9 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Leptosiphon bicolor
  • Family: Polemoniaceae
  • Common Names: bicolored babystars, bicolored linanthus
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Linanthus bicolor
  • Codon: LEPBIC

Taxonomy

Leptosiphon bicolor
photo by Ben Legler, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Ericales
Family: Polemoniaceae
Genus: Leptosiphon Benth.
Species: Leptosiphon bicolor var. Nutt.

Description


Annual, slender taprooted herb.

Opposite, sessile, palmately lobed leaves, leaf segments linear-elongate.[1]The leaves of the inflorescence larger and often more lobed than the cauline leaves.[2]

Inflorescence dense, bracteate heads, flowers subsessile, corolla tube 12-30 mm, flowers pink to white, generally bicolored. Calyx more or less glabrous, sometimes scarcely hispid on outer surface or with marginal cilia.[1]

Fruits are 3-chambered capsules, bearing several seeds per capsule.[2]

From Greek lepto, narrow, siphon, tube, for shape of corolla tube.[1]

Bloom Period


April- June[3]

Distribution


West Cascades, southwest B. C., to California, east through the Columbia Gorge, and east side of Cacsades in Oregon.[1]

Habitat


Open, grassy places at lower elevation.[1]

Seed


Seed sample from: 2011

Leptosiphon seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz

Average Measurement: 1.3 x 0.8 x 0.7

Measurement Range: L: 1.1 – 1.75, W: 0.6 – 1, D: 0.5 – 1

Features

Shape: Seeds somewhat tear shaped, others elliptical.

Color: Seeds partially translucent and brown. Hilium inconspicuous.

Surface: Seeds bumpy and somewhat corrugated, giving them a “brain-like” texture. Seeds slightly glossy.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LEBI lat.png

Longitudinal cross section: elliptical LEBI long.png , and at times, obovate LEBI long ob.png


Photo Gallery


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-09 2:18:57 PM ]
  3. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Leptosiphon%20bicolor