Difference between revisions of "Ligusticum apiifolium"

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''Ligusticum apiifolium'', commonly known as Cerlery leaved lovage or celeryleaf licorice-root is a flowering plant within the carrot/parsley family (Umbelliferae/ Apiaceae).
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* Latin Name: ''Ligusticum'' ''apiifolium''
 
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* Family: Apiaceae
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* Common Names: celery-leaf wild lovage, parsely-leaf wild lovage
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Cynapium'' ''apiifolium''
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* Codon: LIGAPI
 
===Taxonomy===
 
===Taxonomy===
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{{Taxobox
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| image =LIGAPI1.jpg
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| image_caption = Photo by Rod Gilbert, 2006, also featured on Main Page
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| name = '''''Ligusticum apiifolium'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Apiales
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| familia = Apiaceae
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| genus = '''''Ligusticum''''' L.
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| species = ''''' Ligusticum apiifolium''''' (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray
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| subspecies =
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}}
  
*'''Kingdom''': Plantae – Plants
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===Description===
*'''Subkingdom''': Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
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*'''Superdivision''': Spermatophyta – Seed plants
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*'''Division''': Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
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*'''Class''': Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
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*'''Subclass''': - Magnoliidae
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*'''Order''': Apiales
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*'''Family''': Apiaceae/Umbelliaceae- Carrot family
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*'''Genus''': ''Ligusticum''
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*'''Species''': ''apiifolium''
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===Discription===
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'''General''':  Stout perennial herb from a thick taproot; stems 50-120 cm tall, branching, glabrous, leafy with fibrous remains of leaf sheaths at the base.  
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Taprooted perennial herb, 4-15 dm tall.  
'''Leaves''': Compound, mostly basal, divided into distinct toothed leaflets up to 5 cm long; stem leaves reduced but at least 1 fairly well-developed.  
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'''Flowers''': Inflorescence of compound umbels, rays 12-30, 2.5-6 cm. long; involucre and involucels wanting; calyx teeth obscure; petals five, white.  
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Dissected leaves, leaflets also deeply pinnately lobed, petiole generally 1-3 dm.  
'''Fruits''': Oblong to elliptic, 4-5 mm long, glabrous, with narrowly winged ribs.  
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Inflorescence of compound umbels, involucre and involucel both absent or inconspicuous. Pedicels unequal, rays of umbel usually 12-30, flowers white, petals five.
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Ribs of fruit are wingless, carpophore bifid (divided into two) to base, stylopodium conic.<ref name=":0">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
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Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
  
 
===Bloom Period===
 
===Bloom Period===
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May-July.<ref>WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
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& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Ligusticum%20apiifolium</nowiki></ref>
 
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===Distribution===
 
===Distribution===
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Lowland west Cascades, southern Olympic Peninsula, and southern Puget Trough to California.<ref name=":0" />
 
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West of the Cascades, Washington to central California.
 
 
 
===Habitat===
 
===Habitat===
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Lowland wooded slopes, prairies, and fencerows.<ref name=":0" />
 
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Moist stream banks, slopes and meadows in the mountain zone
 
 
===Uses===
 
===Uses===
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Karuk use as of infusion of roots to stimulate apetite.<ref>Schenck, Sara M. and E. W. Gifford, 1952, Karok Ethnobotany, Anthropological Records 13(6):377-392, page 387</ref>
Karok Drug (Dietary Aid) - Infusion of roots taken by person who lacks an appetite.
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Pomo Drug (Antihemorrhagic) - Decoction of roots taken for lung hemorrhages.
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Pomo, Kashaya Drug (Blood Medicine) - Decoction of root taken for anemia.
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Pomo, Kashaya Drug (Tuberculosis Remedy) - Decoction of root taken for the beginning of tuberculosis.
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===Propagation===
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Pomo use of root decoction for pulmonary hemorrhage.<ref name=":1">Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Ligusticum+apiifolium</nowiki></ref>
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Kashaya Pomo use of root decoction for anemia.<ref name=":1" />
  
===Photo Gallery===
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==== Ecological ====
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Host plant for ''Agonopterix rosaciliella'' moth.<ref name=":2">''Lovage, Ligusticum apiifolium''. California Native Plant Society. <nowiki>https://calscape.org/Ligusticum-apiifolium-()</nowiki>.</ref>
 
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===References===
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===Propagation===
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No treatment needed to propagate by seed.<ref name=":2" />
 
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http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php
 
http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
 
'''Abbreviation:''' LIAP
 
 
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
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'''Measurement Range:''' L: 4 – 5, W: 2 – 2.5, D: 1 – 2
 
'''Measurement Range:''' L: 4 – 5, W: 2 – 2.5, D: 1 – 2
  
[[File:LIAP LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|250px|thumb|right|Seed|]]
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[[File:LIAP LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg|250px|thumb|
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''Ligusticum apiifolium'' seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz
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]]
  
 
====Features====
 
====Features====
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'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical  [[File:LIAP long.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical  [[File:LIAP long.png]]
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===Photo Gallery===
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----
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===References===
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Latest revision as of 00:45, 9 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Ligusticum apiifolium
  • Family: Apiaceae
  • Common Names: celery-leaf wild lovage, parsely-leaf wild lovage
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Cynapium apiifolium
  • Codon: LIGAPI

Taxonomy

Ligusticum apiifolium
Photo by Rod Gilbert, 2006, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Ligusticum L.
Species: Ligusticum apiifolium (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) A. Gray

Description


Taprooted perennial herb, 4-15 dm tall.

Dissected leaves, leaflets also deeply pinnately lobed, petiole generally 1-3 dm.

Inflorescence of compound umbels, involucre and involucel both absent or inconspicuous. Pedicels unequal, rays of umbel usually 12-30, flowers white, petals five.

Ribs of fruit are wingless, carpophore bifid (divided into two) to base, stylopodium conic.[1]

Bloom Period

May-July.[2]


Distribution

Lowland west Cascades, southern Olympic Peninsula, and southern Puget Trough to California.[1]


Habitat

Lowland wooded slopes, prairies, and fencerows.[1]


Uses

Karuk use as of infusion of roots to stimulate apetite.[3]

Pomo use of root decoction for pulmonary hemorrhage.[4]

Kashaya Pomo use of root decoction for anemia.[4]

Ecological

Host plant for Agonopterix rosaciliella moth.[5]


Propagation

No treatment needed to propagate by seed.[5]


Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 4.5 x 2.1 x 1.4

Measurement Range: L: 4 – 5, W: 2 – 2.5, D: 1 – 2

Ligusticum apiifolium seeds, photo by Lisa Hintz

Features

Shapes: Seeds have two distinct seed faces. One side is more flattened or concave, and the other is more convex. Hilum tapered, opposite apex rounded. Color: Entire seed several shades of brown.

Surface: One seed face has several distinct ridges running longitudinally from hilum to opposite apex. The other seed face has one longitudinal white line running from hilum to opposite apex. Seeds sometimes wrinkled or slightly bumpy, and somewhat lustrous.

Latitudinal Cross Section: ovate LIAP lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LIAP long.png

Photo Gallery


References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Ligusticum%20apiifolium
  3. Schenck, Sara M. and E. W. Gifford, 1952, Karok Ethnobotany, Anthropological Records 13(6):377-392, page 387
  4. 4.0 4.1 Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Ligusticum+apiifolium
  5. 5.0 5.1 Lovage, Ligusticum apiifolium. California Native Plant Society. https://calscape.org/Ligusticum-apiifolium-().