Difference between revisions of "Ligusticum apifolium"

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''Ligusticum apiifolium'', commonly known as Cerlery leaved lovage or celeryleaf licorice-root is a flowering plant within the carrot/parsley family (Umbelliferae/ Apiaceae).
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'''Common name:''' cerlery leaved lovage or celeryleaf licorice-root  
  
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'''Abbreviation code (Codon):''' LIAP
 
===Taxonomy===
 
===Taxonomy===
  
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'''General''':  Stout perennial herb from a thick taproot; stems 50-120 cm tall, branching, glabrous, leafy with fibrous remains of leaf sheaths at the base.  
 
'''General''':  Stout perennial herb from a thick taproot; stems 50-120 cm tall, branching, glabrous, leafy with fibrous remains of leaf sheaths at the base.  
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'''Leaves''': Compound, mostly basal, divided into distinct toothed leaflets up to 5 cm long; stem leaves reduced but at least 1 fairly well-developed.  
 
'''Leaves''': Compound, mostly basal, divided into distinct toothed leaflets up to 5 cm long; stem leaves reduced but at least 1 fairly well-developed.  
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'''Flowers''': Inflorescence of compound umbels, rays 12-30, 2.5-6 cm. long; involucre and involucels wanting; calyx teeth obscure; petals five, white.  
 
'''Flowers''': Inflorescence of compound umbels, rays 12-30, 2.5-6 cm. long; involucre and involucels wanting; calyx teeth obscure; petals five, white.  
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'''Fruits''': Oblong to elliptic, 4-5 mm long, glabrous, with narrowly winged ribs.  
 
'''Fruits''': Oblong to elliptic, 4-5 mm long, glabrous, with narrowly winged ribs.  
  
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===Propagation===
 
===Propagation===
 
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===Photo Gallery===
 
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===References===
 
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http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php
 
http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
 
'''Abbreviation:''' LIAP
 
 
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
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'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical  [[File:LIAP long.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical  [[File:LIAP long.png]]
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===Photo Gallery===
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===References===
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http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php
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http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl

Latest revision as of 16:18, 21 May 2012

Common name: cerlery leaved lovage or celeryleaf licorice-root

Abbreviation code (Codon): LIAP

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  • Subclass: - Magnoliidae
  • Order: Apiales
  • Family: Apiaceae/Umbelliaceae- Carrot family
  • Genus: Ligusticum
  • Species: apiifolium

Discription


General: Stout perennial herb from a thick taproot; stems 50-120 cm tall, branching, glabrous, leafy with fibrous remains of leaf sheaths at the base.

Leaves: Compound, mostly basal, divided into distinct toothed leaflets up to 5 cm long; stem leaves reduced but at least 1 fairly well-developed.

Flowers: Inflorescence of compound umbels, rays 12-30, 2.5-6 cm. long; involucre and involucels wanting; calyx teeth obscure; petals five, white.

Fruits: Oblong to elliptic, 4-5 mm long, glabrous, with narrowly winged ribs.

Bloom Period


Distribution


West of the Cascades, Washington to central California.

Habitat


Moist stream banks, slopes and meadows in the mountain zone

Uses


Karok Drug (Dietary Aid) - Infusion of roots taken by person who lacks an appetite. Pomo Drug (Antihemorrhagic) - Decoction of roots taken for lung hemorrhages. Pomo, Kashaya Drug (Blood Medicine) - Decoction of root taken for anemia. Pomo, Kashaya Drug (Tuberculosis Remedy) - Decoction of root taken for the beginning of tuberculosis.

Propagation


Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 4.5 x 2.1 x 1.4

Measurement Range: L: 4 – 5, W: 2 – 2.5, D: 1 – 2

LIAP LisaHintz sd 2012.jpg

Features

Shapes: Seeds have two distinct seed faces. One side is more flattened or concave, and the other is more convex. Hilum tapered, opposite apex rounded. Color: Entire seed several shades of brown.

Surface: One seed face has several distinct ridges running longitudinally from hilum to opposite apex. The other seed face has one longitudinal white line running from hilum to opposite apex. Seeds sometimes wrinkled or slightly bumpy, and somewhat lustrous.

Latitudinal Cross Section: ovate LIAP lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LIAP long.png

Photo Gallery


References


http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl