Difference between revisions of "Lomatium nudicaule"

From Puget Prairie Plants
 
(57 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
'''Common name:''' Naked-stemmed hogfennel, or Pestle parsnip
 +
[[File:LONU SpencerAlexander sdl 2012 (15).JPG |thumb|300px|right|]]
 +
'''Abbreviation Code (Codon):''' LONU2
 +
[[File:LONU_GDCarr_flw_good.jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
 +
===Taxonomy===
 +
*Kingdom Plantae – Plants
 +
*Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
 +
*Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
 +
*Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
 +
*Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
 +
*Subclass - Rosidae
 +
*Order - Apiales
 +
*Family - Apiaceae – Carrot family
 +
*Genus - Lomatium Raf. – desert parsley
 +
*Species - Lomatium nudicaule (Pursh) J.M. Coult. & Rose – barestem biscuitroot
 +
===Plant Description===
 +
General:  Stout perennial herb from a taproot, glabrous, strongly glaucous; stems solitary to several, 20-90 cm tall. <ref name="Bartow, Amy L. 2003"> Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
 +
 +
Leaves: Mostly basal, large, compound, 1-3 times divided; ultimate segments 3-30, entire or shallowly toothed, 2-9 cm long, 10-60 (rarely 4) mm wide, veiny, often stalked. <ref name="Bartow, Amy L. 2003"> Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
 +
 +
Flowers: Inflorescence of compound umbels; flowers yellow, small, stalks of unequal length; involucels lacking. <ref name="Bartow, Amy L. 2003"> Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
 +
===Bloom Time===
 +
Early Spring <ref>http://www.pnwflowers.com/flower/lomatium-nudicaule</ref>
 +
===Distribution===
 +
Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Utah.<ref name="Burke"> http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule</ref>
 +
===Habitat===
 +
Dry, open areas; common in shrub-steppe, but found in mountain meadows.<ref name="Burke"> http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule</ref>
 +
===Uses===
 +
*Seeds chewed for colds <ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)</ref>
 +
*Poultice of chewed seeds applied or chewed seeds blown on head for headaches.<ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)</ref>
 +
*Infusion of seeds taken by pregnant women to insure an easy delivery.<ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1973 The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Economic Botany 27:257-310 (p. 276)
 +
</ref>
 +
=== Propagation ===
 +
Seeds benefit from stratification, slow to establish.  Seeds germinated within 1-2 weeks. <ref name="Bartow, Amy L. 2003"> Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
'''Abbreviation:''' LONU
+
[[File:LONU DennisPlank sd .jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
  
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
Line 7: Line 41:
  
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1
 
 
====Features====
 
====Features====
 
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.  
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.  
  
Line 19: Line 51:
  
 
'''Longitudinal''' Cross Section: elliptical [[File:LONU long.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal''' Cross Section: elliptical [[File:LONU long.png]]
[[File:LONU DennisPlank sd .jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
+
 
[[File:LONU GDCarr flw good.jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
+
===References===
 +
----
 +
<References/>

Latest revision as of 08:13, 22 May 2012

Common name: Naked-stemmed hogfennel, or Pestle parsnip

LONU SpencerAlexander sdl 2012 (15).JPG

Abbreviation Code (Codon): LONU2

LONU GDCarr flw good.jpg

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  • Subclass - Rosidae
  • Order - Apiales
  • Family - Apiaceae – Carrot family
  • Genus - Lomatium Raf. – desert parsley
  • Species - Lomatium nudicaule (Pursh) J.M. Coult. & Rose – barestem biscuitroot

Plant Description

General: Stout perennial herb from a taproot, glabrous, strongly glaucous; stems solitary to several, 20-90 cm tall. [1]

Leaves: Mostly basal, large, compound, 1-3 times divided; ultimate segments 3-30, entire or shallowly toothed, 2-9 cm long, 10-60 (rarely 4) mm wide, veiny, often stalked. [1]

Flowers: Inflorescence of compound umbels; flowers yellow, small, stalks of unequal length; involucels lacking. [1]

Bloom Time

Early Spring [2]

Distribution

Widely distributed throughout Washington; British Columbia south to California, east to Idaho and Utah.[3]

Habitat

Dry, open areas; common in shrub-steppe, but found in mountain meadows.[3]

Uses

  • Seeds chewed for colds [4]
  • Poultice of chewed seeds applied or chewed seeds blown on head for headaches.[4]
  • Infusion of seeds taken by pregnant women to insure an easy delivery.[5]

Propagation

Seeds benefit from stratification, slow to establish. Seeds germinated within 1-2 weeks. [1]

Seed

LONU DennisPlank sd .jpg

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 10.7 x 4.9 x 0.9

Measurement Range: L: 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1

Features

Shape: Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.

Color: Wings and ribs off-white to tan. Hilum is darker. Outer seed face has light to dark brown center, bisected by three tan ribs that cross longitudinally from hilum to opposite apex. Inner seed face is bisected by one major rib, and then has darker brown stripes mixed with tan stripes.

Surface: Seeds smooth and matte.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LONU lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LONU long.png

References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.
  2. http://www.pnwflowers.com/flower/lomatium-nudicaule
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule
  4. 4.0 4.1 Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)
  5. Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1973 The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Economic Botany 27:257-310 (p. 276)