Difference between revisions of "Lomatium nudicaule"

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===Seed===
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* Latin Name: ''Lomatium'' ''nudicaule''
'''Abbreviation:''' LONU
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* Family: Apiaceae
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* Common Names: bare-stemmed biscuit-root, pestle parsnip
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Cogswellia'' ''nudicaulis, Lomatium'' ''platyphyllum''
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* Codon: LOMNUD
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===Taxonomy===
 +
{{Taxobox
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| image = LONU SpencerAlexander sdl 2012 (15).JPG
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| image_caption = Photo by Ben Legler, 2004, also featured on Main Page
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| name = '''''Lomatium nudicaule'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Apiales
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| familia = Apiaceae
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| genus = '''''Lomatium''''' Raf.
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| species = ''''' Lomatium nudicaule''''' (Pursh) J.M. Coult. & Rose
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| subspecies =
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}}
  
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===Plant Description===
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'''For the ''Lomatium'' genus, mature fruit shape, aspect ratio, and pedicel length are diagnostic.'''<ref name=":0">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
 +
B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
 +
Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
 +
 +
Native perennial, 2-9 dm tall, growing from an enlarged taproot.<ref name=":1">Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). ''Vascular plants
 +
of the South Sound prairies'' (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen
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State College Press.</ref>
 +
 +
Leaves are glaucous, 1-3 times compound, leaflets are lanceolate to ovate in shape.<ref name=":1" /> Plants are generally acaulescent, occasionally caulescent.<ref name=":0" />
 +
 +
Inflorescence of compound umbels, flowers pale yellow and small, stalks of unequal length, involucels lacking.<ref name=":2">Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. ''E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of
 +
British Columbia'' [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis,
 +
Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-08 12:03:17 PM ]</ref> Often the peduncles are swollen and hollow at the base of the umbel.<ref name=":1" />
 +
 +
Fruits are oblong to elliptic, 7-15 mm long, sometimes with beaked tip, ribs distinct with wings up to 1/2 the width of the body.<ref name=":2" />
 +
 +
===Bloom Period===
 +
April-June.<ref name="Burke">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
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& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule</nowiki></ref>
 +
===Distribution===
 +
Both sides of Cascades, southern BC to central California, Idaho, Nevada, and western Utah.<ref name=":0" />
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===Habitat===
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Dry, open areas; common in shrub-steppe, but found in mountain meadows.<ref name="Burke">http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule</ref>
 +
===Uses===
 +
Many ''Lomatium'' species are important food and medicine plants.
 +
 +
Hul'qumi'num and Lekwungen use of seeds, chewed for colds or sore throats. <ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)</ref>
 +
 +
Kwakwaka'wakw use of chewed seeds applied on head for headaches.<ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)</ref>
 +
 +
Kwakwaka'wakw use of infusion of seeds, taken by pregnant people to support an easy delivery.<ref name="The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia">Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1973 The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Economic Botany 27:257-310 (p. 276)
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</ref>
 +
 +
Nlaka'pamux use as food, roots baked, stems peeled, leaves and immature fruits as a flavoring in other foods.<ref>Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Lomatium+nudicaule</nowiki></ref>
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=== Propagation ===
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Seeds benefit from stratification, slow to establish.  Seeds germinated within 1-2 weeks. <ref name="Bartow, Amy L. 2003">Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
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===Seed===
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
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'''Measurement Range: L:''' 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1
 
'''Measurement Range: L:''' 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1
 
 
====Features====
 
====Features====
 
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.  
 
'''Shape:''' Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.  
  
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'''Longitudinal''' Cross Section: elliptical [[File:LONU long.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal''' Cross Section: elliptical [[File:LONU long.png]]
[[File:LONU DennisPlank sd .jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
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===Propigation===
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=== Image Gallery ===
[[File:LONU GDCarr flw good.jpg|thumb|300px|right|]]
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<gallery>
[[File:LONU SpencerAlexander sdl 2012 (15).JPG|thumb|300px|right|]]
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File:LOMNUD1.jpg|Mature fruit, photo by Ben Legler, 2004
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File:LOMNUD2.png|young growth, courtesy of CNLM
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File:LOMNUD3.jpg|courtesy of CNLM
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</gallery>
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===References===
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----
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<references />

Latest revision as of 17:25, 8 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Lomatium nudicaule
  • Family: Apiaceae
  • Common Names: bare-stemmed biscuit-root, pestle parsnip
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Cogswellia nudicaulis, Lomatium platyphyllum
  • Codon: LOMNUD

Taxonomy

Lomatium nudicaule
Photo by Ben Legler, 2004, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Lomatium Raf.
Species: Lomatium nudicaule (Pursh) J.M. Coult. & Rose

Plant Description

For the Lomatium genus, mature fruit shape, aspect ratio, and pedicel length are diagnostic.[1]

Native perennial, 2-9 dm tall, growing from an enlarged taproot.[2]

Leaves are glaucous, 1-3 times compound, leaflets are lanceolate to ovate in shape.[2] Plants are generally acaulescent, occasionally caulescent.[1]

Inflorescence of compound umbels, flowers pale yellow and small, stalks of unequal length, involucels lacking.[3] Often the peduncles are swollen and hollow at the base of the umbel.[2]

Fruits are oblong to elliptic, 7-15 mm long, sometimes with beaked tip, ribs distinct with wings up to 1/2 the width of the body.[3]

Bloom Period

April-June.[4]

Distribution

Both sides of Cascades, southern BC to central California, Idaho, Nevada, and western Utah.[1]

Habitat

Dry, open areas; common in shrub-steppe, but found in mountain meadows.[4]

Uses

Many Lomatium species are important food and medicine plants.

Hul'qumi'num and Lekwungen use of seeds, chewed for colds or sore throats. [5]

Kwakwaka'wakw use of chewed seeds applied on head for headaches.[5]

Kwakwaka'wakw use of infusion of seeds, taken by pregnant people to support an easy delivery.[6]

Nlaka'pamux use as food, roots baked, stems peeled, leaves and immature fruits as a flavoring in other foods.[7]

Propagation

Seeds benefit from stratification, slow to establish. Seeds germinated within 1-2 weeks. [8]

Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 10.7 x 4.9 x 0.9

Measurement Range: L: 9 – 12.5, W: 4 – 5.75, D: 0.5 – 1.1

Features

Shape: Seeds widely winged and schizoid. Hilum puckered.

Color: Wings and ribs off-white to tan. Hilum is darker. Outer seed face has light to dark brown center, bisected by three tan ribs that cross longitudinally from hilum to opposite apex. Inner seed face is bisected by one major rib, and then has darker brown stripes mixed with tan stripes.

Surface: Seeds smooth and matte.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LONU lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical LONU long.png

Image Gallery

References


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). Vascular plants of the South Sound prairies (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen State College Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed: 2020-06-08 12:03:17 PM ]
  4. 4.0 4.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lomatium&Species=nudicaule
  5. 5.0 5.1 Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1971 The Ethnobotany of the Coast Salish Indians of Vancouver Island, I and II. Economic Botany 25(1):63-104, 335-339 (p. 89)
  6. Turner, Nancy Chapman and Marcus A. M. Bell 1973 The Ethnobotany of the Southern Kwakiutl Indians of British Columbia. Economic Botany 27:257-310 (p. 276)
  7. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=Lomatium+nudicaule
  8. Propagation protocol for production of container Lomatium nudicaule Pursh plants; Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 17 October 2006). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.