Difference between revisions of "Micranthes integrifolia"

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===''Micranthes integrifolia''=== 
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* Latin Name: ''Micranthes'' ''integrifolia''
 +
* Family: Saxifragaceae
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* Common Names: Columbian saxifrage, swamp saxifrage, whole-leaf saxifrage
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Saxifraga'' ''integrifolia, Saxifraga'' ''laevicarpa''
 +
* Codon: MICINT
  
[[File:M integrifolia Rod Gilbert.jpg|200px|right|thumb|photo by Rod Gilbert]]
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==Taxonomy==
 +
{{Taxobox
 +
| image =M integrifolia Rod Gilbert.jpg  
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| image_caption =Photo by Rod Gilbert, also featured on Main Page
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| name = '''''Micranthes integrifolia'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Saxifraganae
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| ordo = Saxifragales
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| familia = Saxifragaceae
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| genus = '''''Micranthes''''' Haw.
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| species = ''''' Micranthes integrifolia''''' (Hook.) Small
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}}
  
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<ref>http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=24278 Integrated Taxonomic Information System </ref>
  
 +
==Description==
  
 +
A somewhat hairy perennial, the leafless flowering stems usually growing singly from a rhizome, reaching 10-30 cm in height.
  
''Micranthes integrifolia,'' commonly known as whole-leaf saxifrage or swamp saxifrage is a  perennial herb in the Saxifragaceae family.
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Leaves for a basal rosette, and have smooth margins, a visible center vein, and are rounded.<ref name=":0">Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). ''Vascular plants
 +
of the South Sound prairies'' (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen
 +
State College Press.</ref>
  
 +
The inflorescence is a short, compact panicle, subtended by a leafy, rusty-woolly bracts. The calyx is broadly conic, the 5 lobes oblong-lanceolate, 1-2 mm. long and reflexed. Individual flowers have 5 white, obovate petals, 1.5-3 mm. long, at least half as broad as long. Stamens number 10 and are short, awl-shaped.<ref name="Burke">http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Saxifraga&Species=integrifolia Burke Museum University of Washington </ref>
  
'''''Synonyms:'''''
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Ovaries are green and can turn red as fruit attached.<ref name=":0" />
* ''Saxifraga integrifolia''
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==Taxonomy==
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Kingdom Plantae  – Planta, plantes, plants, Vegetal
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Subkingdom  Viridaeplantae  – green plants
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  Infrakingdom Streptophyta  – land plants
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    Division  Tracheophyta  – tracheophytes, vascular plants
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Subdivision  Spermatophytina  –  spermatophytes, seed plants,
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    Infradivision  Angiospermae  – angiosperms, flowering plants,
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      Class Magnoliopsida 
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          Superorder Saxifraganae 
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              Order Saxifragales, saxifrages 
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                  Family  Saxifragaceae 
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                      Genus  Saxifraga L. – saxifrage
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                          Species Saxifraga integrifolia
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==Description==
+
 
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A somewhat hairy perennial, the leafless flowering stems usually growing singly from a rhizome, reaching 10-30 cm in height. Leaves form a basal rosette with no cauline leaves. The blades are 2-5 cm long, narrowly rhombic to rhombic-ovate, narrowed gradually to short, broad petioles. Prominent marginal hairs line the leaves and are rusty-woolly on the lower surface.
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+
The inflorescence is a short, compact panicle, subtended by a leafy, rusty-woolly bracts. The calyx is broadly conic, the 5 lobes oblong-lanceolate, 1-2 mm. long and reflexed. Individual flowers have 5 white, obovate petals, 1.5-3 mm. long, at least half as broad as long. Stamens number 10 and are short, awl-shaped.<ref name="Burke">http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Saxifraga&Species=integrifolia Burke Museum University of Washington </ref>
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==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
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==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
Prairies, grassy slopes and vernally moist areas, sea level to subalpine<ref name="Burke">http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Saxifraga&Species=integrifolia Burke Museum University of Washington </ref>
 
Prairies, grassy slopes and vernally moist areas, sea level to subalpine<ref name="Burke">http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Saxifraga&Species=integrifolia Burke Museum University of Washington </ref>
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 +
Swamp saxifrage prefers moister areas in prairies, such as near a stream or at the base of a tree.<ref name=":0" />
  
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
used ornamentally in rock gardens
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Used ornamentally in rock gardens
  
 
==Propagation==
 
==Propagation==
Can be propagated by seed, division or cuttings.</br>
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Can be propagated by seed, division or cuttings.<br>
Seed should be planted in winter and barely covered. Germination takes place in 1 to 3 months at 16-21°C</br>
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Seed should be planted in winter and barely covered. Germination takes place in 1 to 3 months at 16-21°C<br>
Division should be done after flowering.</br>
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Division should be done after flowering.<br>
 
Cuttings in should be taken in late summer.<ref>http://www.kadel.cz/flora/e/kvCard.asp-Id=5519.htm Rock Garden Plant Database</ref>
 
Cuttings in should be taken in late summer.<ref>http://www.kadel.cz/flora/e/kvCard.asp-Id=5519.htm Rock Garden Plant Database</ref>
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===Seed===
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'''Average Measurement:''' 0.8 x 0.4 x 0.3
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 +
'''Measurement Range:''' L: 0.6 – 0.8, W: 0.2 – 0.5, D: 0.2 – 0.4
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 +
====Features====
 +
 +
'''Shape:''' Seed narrowed at hilum and opposite apex, forming points. Middle between hilum and opposite apex rounded. Hilum is puckered.
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 +
'''Color:''' Seeds golden brown, and slightly darker at hilum.
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 +
'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and longitudinally ridged. Seeds are slightly lustrous.
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 +
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MIIN lat.png]]
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 +
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MIIN long.png]]
  
  
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File:Flower head Ben Legler.jpg|photo by Ben Legler
 
File:Flower head Ben Legler.jpg|photo by Ben Legler
 
File:MIIN.jpg |photo by Ben Legler
 
File:MIIN.jpg |photo by Ben Legler
File:M integrifolia Shaun Hubbard.jpg|photo by Shaun Hubbard
 
File:Ben Legler flower.jpg|photo by Ben Legler
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
 
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
 
[[File:MIIN.jpg |200px|Ben Legler]]
 
[[File:MIIN.jpg |200px|Ben Legler]]
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===References & Notes===
 
===References & Notes===
<references/>
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<references />
 
+
 
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===Seed===
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'''Abbreviation:''' MIIN
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'''Average Measurement:''' 0.8 x 0.4 x 0.3
+
 
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'''Measurement Range:''' L: 0.6 – 0.8, W: 0.2 – 0.5, D: 0.2 – 0.4
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+
====Features====
+
 
+
'''Shape:''' Seed narrowed at hilum and opposite apex, forming points. Middle between hilum and opposite apex rounded. Hilum is puckered.
+
 
+
'''Color:''' Seeds golden brown, and slightly darker at hilum.
+
 
+
'''Surface:''' Seeds bumpy and longitudinally ridged. Seeds are slightly lustrous.
+
 
+
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MIIN lat.png]]
+
 
+
'''Latitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MIIN long.png]]
+

Latest revision as of 22:02, 4 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Micranthes integrifolia
  • Family: Saxifragaceae
  • Common Names: Columbian saxifrage, swamp saxifrage, whole-leaf saxifrage
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Saxifraga integrifolia, Saxifraga laevicarpa
  • Codon: MICINT

Taxonomy

Micranthes integrifolia
Photo by Rod Gilbert, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Saxifraganae
Order: Saxifragales
Family: Saxifragaceae
Genus: Micranthes Haw.
Species: Micranthes integrifolia (Hook.) Small

[1]

Description

A somewhat hairy perennial, the leafless flowering stems usually growing singly from a rhizome, reaching 10-30 cm in height.

Leaves for a basal rosette, and have smooth margins, a visible center vein, and are rounded.[2]

The inflorescence is a short, compact panicle, subtended by a leafy, rusty-woolly bracts. The calyx is broadly conic, the 5 lobes oblong-lanceolate, 1-2 mm. long and reflexed. Individual flowers have 5 white, obovate petals, 1.5-3 mm. long, at least half as broad as long. Stamens number 10 and are short, awl-shaped.[3]

Ovaries are green and can turn red as fruit attached.[2]

Bloom Period

Late March - July[3]

Distribution

West side of the Cascades, British Columbia to Lincoln County, Oregon, and in the Columbia River Gorge[3]

Habitat

Prairies, grassy slopes and vernally moist areas, sea level to subalpine[3]

Swamp saxifrage prefers moister areas in prairies, such as near a stream or at the base of a tree.[2]

Uses

Used ornamentally in rock gardens

Propagation

Can be propagated by seed, division or cuttings.
Seed should be planted in winter and barely covered. Germination takes place in 1 to 3 months at 16-21°C
Division should be done after flowering.
Cuttings in should be taken in late summer.[4]

Seed

Average Measurement: 0.8 x 0.4 x 0.3

Measurement Range: L: 0.6 – 0.8, W: 0.2 – 0.5, D: 0.2 – 0.4

Features

Shape: Seed narrowed at hilum and opposite apex, forming points. Middle between hilum and opposite apex rounded. Hilum is puckered.

Color: Seeds golden brown, and slightly darker at hilum.

Surface: Seeds bumpy and longitudinally ridged. Seeds are slightly lustrous.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical MIIN lat.png

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical MIIN long.png


Photo Gallery

References


References & Notes

  1. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=24278 Integrated Taxonomic Information System
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). Vascular plants of the South Sound prairies (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen State College Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Saxifraga&Species=integrifolia Burke Museum University of Washington
  4. http://www.kadel.cz/flora/e/kvCard.asp-Id=5519.htm Rock Garden Plant Database