Difference between revisions of "Montia linearis"

From Puget Prairie Plants
(Distribution)
 
(11 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[File:Wtu014799 lg.jpeg|300px|thumb|right|''Montia linearis'' </br> Used with permission from Bud Kovalchik]]
+
* Latin Name: ''Montia'' ''linearis''
[[File:Montia linearis rod gilbert 1.png|thumb|right|''Montia linearis'' </br> Photo credit Rod Gilbert]]
+
* Family: Portulacaceae
 +
* Common Names: lineleaf miner's lettuce, narrow-leafed montia
 +
* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Clatyonia'' ''linearis''
 +
* Codon: MONLIN
  
[[File:Montia linearis rod gilbert 2.png|thumb|right|''Montia linearis'' </br> Photo credit Rod Gilbert]]
 
  
''Montia linearis,'' or narrow-leaved montia is a flowering plant in the purslane family (Portulacaceae). It is sometimes called narrowleaf miner's lettuce, or narrow leaved water chickweed.
+
==Taxonomy==
 
+
{{Taxobox
Synonyms: ''Claytonia linearis,'' ''Montiastrum lineare''
+
| image = MONLIN1.jpg
 
+
| image_caption = photo by Bernard Kovalchik, also featured on Main Page
source: http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Montia+linearis
+
| name = '''''Montia linearis'''''
 
+
| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
==Taxonomy==
+
| subregnum = Tracheobionta
*Plantae – Plants
+
| phylum = Spermatophyta
*Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
+
| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
*Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants
+
| classis = Magnoliopsida
*Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
+
| subclassis = Caryophyllidae
*Class - Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
+
| ordo = Caryophyllales
*Subclass - Caryophyllidae
+
| familia = Portulacaceae
*Order - Caryophyllales
+
| genus = '''''Montia''''' L.
*Family - Portulacaceae  
+
| species = '''''Montia linearis''''' (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene
*Genus - ''Montia''  
+
}}
*Species - ''M. linearis''  
+
 
+
<ref name= "The PLANTS Database">USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 16 April 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.</ref>
+
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
General:  Annual herb from a fibrous root; stems ascending to erect, usually solitary but sometimes several, branched or unbranched, 5-20 cm tall.  
+
Annual herb from a fibrous root; stems ascending to erect, usually solitary but sometimes several, branched or unbranched, 5-20 cm tall.  
Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves several, linear, alternate, 1-5 cm long, 1-3 mm wide.
+
Flowers: Inflorescence of loose terminal or axillary racemes 2-5 cm long with 5-12 flowers on slightly recurved stalks 5-20 mm long; petals 5, white, 4-6.5 mm long; sepals 2, 3-4 mm long but up to 6 mm long in fruit; stamens 3.
+
Fruits: Capsules, 3-valved; seeds black, shiny, lens-shaped, 1.4-2.5 mm long
+
  
 +
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves several, leaves are alternate throughout and narrow.
  
''M. linearis is an herbaceous, low annual that is somewhat succulent. Plants are several branched and between 5 and 20 cm tall. Leaves are alternate and narrow, 1.5 - 5 cm long. Flowers are white, 3 -4 mm long with 2 sepals and 5 petals. Flowers grow in a loose cluster in groups of 5 -12. ''M. linearis'' has three segmented capsules that contain shiny, black, disk shapped seeds.  
+
Inflorescence consists of loose terminal or axillary racemes, bearing 5-12 flowers on slightly recurved stalks.  
  
<ref name=''Pojar"> Pojar and Mackinnon 1994 </ref>
+
Corolla is white, petals 5, white, 4-6 mm. long, sepals 2.
  
 +
Fruits are 3-valved capsules, bearing shiny, black, lens-shaped seeds.<ref>Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. ''E-Flora BC: Electronic''
 +
Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia'' [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced''
 +
Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia,
 +
Vancouver. [Accessed:2020-05-09]</ref>
 
==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
April - July
+
April - July. <ref name="Burke">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
 
+
& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Montia%20linearis</nowiki></ref>
<ref name=Burke>http://biology.burkemuseum.org/herbarium/imagecollection.php</ref>
+
  
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
Narrow - leaved montia grows from British Columbia, east to Saskatchewan, south along the west coast of the United States to Southern California, and is also present in some states in the south eastern United States.  
+
From British Columbia, east to Saskatchewan, south along the west coast of the United States to Southern California, and is also present in some states in the south eastern United States. <ref name="The">USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 16 April 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. </ref>
 
+
</ref>The PLANTS Database
+
Source: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MOLI4
+
  
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
Moist to dry fields, grasslands and rocks slopes in the lowland, steppe, and lower montane zones.  
+
Moist to dry habitats in lowland to foothills.<ref>Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
 
+
B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
==Uses==
+
Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>  
 
+
==Propagation==
+
Seeds were sown into cone-tainers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14.) The flats of cone-tainers were covered with poly-ethylene bags and placed in a walk-in cooler (35-40 degrees) for 2 weeks.
+
 
+
Flats were removed from the cooler after 2 weeks and placed in greenhouse set at moderate temperatures (70 degree days/ 50 degree nights.)
+
Seeds germinated within one to two weeks. 60% germination occurred.
+
 
+
 
+
==Photo Gallery==
+
 
+
==References==
+
<References/>
+
  
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
'''Montia linearis:''' MOLI
+
<gallery>
 +
File: Montia linearis.jpg|''Montia linearis'', photo by Lisa Hintz
 +
File:Montia linearis single.jpg|''Montia linearis'', photo by Lisa Hintz
 +
</gallery>
  
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
Line 86: Line 74:
  
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MOLI-log-cross.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:MOLI-log-cross.png]]
[[File:Montia linearis single.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Montia linearis'']]
 
[[File:Montia linearis.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Montia linearis'']]
 
  
  
 
{{Basics}}
 
{{Basics}}
 +
 +
 +
 +
==Photo Gallery==
 +
<gallery>
 +
File:Wtu014799 lg.jpeg| photo by Bernard Kovalchik
 +
File:MONLIN2.jpg| photo by Ben Legler, 2004
 +
</gallery>
 +
 +
 +
==References==
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 14:42, 4 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Montia linearis
  • Family: Portulacaceae
  • Common Names: lineleaf miner's lettuce, narrow-leafed montia
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Clatyonia linearis
  • Codon: MONLIN


Taxonomy

Montia linearis
photo by Bernard Kovalchik, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Portulacaceae
Genus: Montia L.
Species: Montia linearis (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene

Description

Annual herb from a fibrous root; stems ascending to erect, usually solitary but sometimes several, branched or unbranched, 5-20 cm tall.

Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves several, leaves are alternate throughout and narrow.

Inflorescence consists of loose terminal or axillary racemes, bearing 5-12 flowers on slightly recurved stalks.

Corolla is white, petals 5, white, 4-6 mm. long, sepals 2.

Fruits are 3-valved capsules, bearing shiny, black, lens-shaped seeds.[1]

Bloom Period

April - July. [2]

Distribution

From British Columbia, east to Saskatchewan, south along the west coast of the United States to Southern California, and is also present in some states in the south eastern United States. [3]

Habitat

Moist to dry habitats in lowland to foothills.[4]

Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 2.2 x 2.2 x 1

Measurement Range: L: 2 - 2.5, W: 2 - 2.5, D: 0.9 - 1.1

Features

Shape: Seed lenticular in shape.

Color: Hilum scar is white, surrounded by a ring of brown. Seed is dark red to black.

Surface: Seeds are papillose with some small ridges around the surface edges.

Could be confused with: Caladrinia ciliata


Latitudinal Cross Section: : rhombic MOLI- lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical MOLI-log-cross.png


Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.


Photo Gallery


References

  1. Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:2020-05-09]
  2. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Montia%20linearis
  3. USDA, NRCS. 2012. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 16 April 2012). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  4. Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.