Navarretia squarrosa

From Puget Prairie Plants
Revision as of 11:07, 16 April 2012 by Smiwhi09 (Talk | contribs)

Navarretia squarrosa, skunkbush, or skunkweed is a flowering plant in the polemoniaceae family. Synonyms: Gilia squarrosa, Navarretia eastwoodiae, Navarretia squarrosa var. agrestis

Source: http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=5807

Taxonomy

  • Kingdom - Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class - Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
  • Subclass - Asteridae
  • Order - Solanales
  • Family - Polemoniaceae – Phlox family
  • Genus - Navarretia
  • Species - N. squarrosa

Description

N. squarrosa is a prickly, taprooted, hairy annual with a distinctly skunky smell. Plant is simple or branched, with erect stems, and up to 40 cm tall. Leaves are alternate, firm, and spiny, up to 6 cm long, and pinnately lobed. The flowers are pale to deep blue, with half united sepals that form a short tube with wax-papery intervals between the sharp wointed lobes that are 8 -14 mm long. The flower has 5 fused petals that form a 9-12 mm tube that spreads into lobes. The flowers form large, dense heads with leafy bracts. Fruits are three chambered, elliptical capsules containing 6 - 9 seeds per chamber.

Source: Pojar and Mackinnon Pg 235

Bloom Period

June - September

Source: http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php

Distribution

West of the Cascades, from southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, to California. Source: http://biology.burkemuseum.org/herbarium/imagecollection.php

Habitat

Open places, dry to moist meadows, usually at low elevations.

Source: Pojar 235

Uses

Propagation

Photo Gallery

References


seed

Abbrevition: NASQ

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 0.9 x 0.6 x 0.5

Measurement Range: L: 0.75 – 1.1, W: 0.5 – 0.75, D: 0.4 – 0.5

Features

Shape: Seeds tapered to almost pointed at hilum ends. Body of seeds sometimes not completely filled out – some concave dents. Hilum is pinched looking in some.

Color: Seeds reddish brown, hilum usually slightly lighter in color, but not very conspicuous.

Surface: Seeds covered in wrinkly pitted pattern. About 30 – 40 medium sized pits visible on one seed face. Seeds slightly rough looking, and somewhat lustrous.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical NASQ lat.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical NASQ long.png