Difference between revisions of "Plectritis congesta"

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common names;Rosy plectritis, Sea blush, Shortspur seablush
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*[[File:PLECCON1.jpg|thumb|Photo: Ben Legler, 2004]]Latin Name: ''Plectritis'' ''congesta''
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* Family: Valerianaceae
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* Common Names: rosy plectritis, sea-blush
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* Codon: PLECON
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==Taxonomy==
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{{Taxobox
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| name = '''''Plectritis congesta'''''
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Asteranae
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| ordo = Dipsacales
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| familia = Valerianaceae
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| genus = '''''Plectritis''''' (Lindl.)DC
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| species = '''''Plectritis congesta''''' (Lindl.) DC
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}}
  
==Desscription==  
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==Description==
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Native annual perennial herb, 1-6 dm. tall.
  
General: Annual herbs, the stem usually simple, 1-6 dm. tall, the herbage nearly glabrous throughout.
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Leaves are opposite, oblong, egg-shaped towards the bottom of the plant.  
  
Leaves: Leaves opposite, distant, entire, 1-6 cm. long and 3-22 mm. wide, the lowermost ones spatulate or obovate and short-petiolate, the others oblong to elliptic and sessile.
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Flowers are pink to white, have 5 petals, formed into a bilabiate corolla with a well-developed spur, and form terminal clusters.
  
Flowers: Inflorescence congested, sub-capitate; calyx obsolete; corolla united, two-lipped, bright pink to white, 2-8 mm. long, with a well-developed, thick spur; stamens 3; ovary inferior, apparently 1-celled, since two of the 3 cells are sterile.
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Fruit is a dry carpel, the convex side keeled, 2-4 mm.<ref>Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). ''Vascular plants''
Fruit: Fruit a dry carpel, 2-4 mm. long, the convex side keeled, with or without lateral wings.
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of the South Sound prairies'' (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen''
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State College Press.</ref><ref name=":0">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
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& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Plectritis%20congesta</nowiki></ref>
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Name comes from Greek ''plektos'', plaited, presumably referring to the complex inflorescence.<ref name=":1">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
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Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
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==Bloom Period==
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April - June<ref name=":0" />
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==Distribution==
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Vancouver Island, BC, south to California, mostly west of the Cascades.<ref name=":1" />
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==Habitat==
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This plant prefers open to partly shaded meadows and slopes that are moist in the spring, but also grows along coastal bluffs, rocky balds, and roadsides in spring-moist areas or seeps.<ref name=":2">Young-Mathews, A. 2012. Plant fact sheet for shortspur seablush (Plectritis congesta). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, OR.</ref>
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==Uses==
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Flowers provide a spring nectar source for bumble bees and other native bees, as well as butterflies including the endangered Fender’s blue (''Plebejus icarioides fender''i) and the rare Taylor’s checkerspot (''Euphydryas editha taylori'').<ref name=":2" />
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==Propagation==
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Seeds were sown into containers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14.)
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Flats were placed in greenhouse set at moderate temperatures (70 degree days/50 degree nights.)
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Seeds germinated within one to two weeks. 60% germination occurred.
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Fruit and Seed Collection and Extraction
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Collection: Plant develops two different fruits/seeds--fruit polymorphisms.  Both types of seed can be easily shaken into an envelope or bag when ripe.  All the plants do not ripen at the same time.  Special care must be taken when cleaning seed as their shape and size differs.<ref>Bartow, Amy. 2004. Propagation protocol for production of Container (plug) ''Plectritis congesta''
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(Lindley) A. DC. plants USDA NRCS - Corvallis Plant Materials Center
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Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL:
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<nowiki>http://NativePlantNetwork.org</nowiki> (accessed 2020/06/02). US Department of
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Agriculture, Forest Service, National Center for Reforestation,
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Nurseries, and Genetic Resources.</ref>
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==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
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File:PLECCON2.jpg|Photo: Ben Legler, 2004
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File:PLECCON3.jpg|Photo: Ben Legler, 2004
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File:PLECON4.jpg|Young growth, photo courtesy of CNLM
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</gallery>
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==References==
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<references />

Latest revision as of 18:53, 2 June 2020

  • Photo: Ben Legler, 2004
    Latin Name: Plectritis congesta
  • Family: Valerianaceae
  • Common Names: rosy plectritis, sea-blush
  • Codon: PLECON

Taxonomy

Plectritis congesta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Valerianaceae
Genus: Plectritis (Lindl.)DC
Species: Plectritis congesta (Lindl.) DC

Description

Native annual perennial herb, 1-6 dm. tall.

Leaves are opposite, oblong, egg-shaped towards the bottom of the plant.

Flowers are pink to white, have 5 petals, formed into a bilabiate corolla with a well-developed spur, and form terminal clusters.

Fruit is a dry carpel, the convex side keeled, 2-4 mm.[1][2]

Name comes from Greek plektos, plaited, presumably referring to the complex inflorescence.[3]

Bloom Period

April - June[2]

Distribution

Vancouver Island, BC, south to California, mostly west of the Cascades.[3]

Habitat

This plant prefers open to partly shaded meadows and slopes that are moist in the spring, but also grows along coastal bluffs, rocky balds, and roadsides in spring-moist areas or seeps.[4]

Uses

Flowers provide a spring nectar source for bumble bees and other native bees, as well as butterflies including the endangered Fender’s blue (Plebejus icarioides fenderi) and the rare Taylor’s checkerspot (Euphydryas editha taylori).[4]

Propagation

Seeds were sown into containers filled with Sunshine # 1 (a soil-less peat-based media) amended with micro-nutrients (Micromax) and a slow-release fertilizer (Osmocote 14-14-14.) Flats were placed in greenhouse set at moderate temperatures (70 degree days/50 degree nights.) Seeds germinated within one to two weeks. 60% germination occurred.

Fruit and Seed Collection and Extraction Collection: Plant develops two different fruits/seeds--fruit polymorphisms. Both types of seed can be easily shaken into an envelope or bag when ripe. All the plants do not ripen at the same time. Special care must be taken when cleaning seed as their shape and size differs.[5]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). Vascular plants of the South Sound prairies (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen State College Press.
  2. 2.0 2.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Plectritis%20congesta
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Young-Mathews, A. 2012. Plant fact sheet for shortspur seablush (Plectritis congesta). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, OR.
  5. Bartow, Amy. 2004. Propagation protocol for production of Container (plug) Plectritis congesta (Lindley) A. DC. plants USDA NRCS - Corvallis Plant Materials Center Corvallis, Oregon. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://NativePlantNetwork.org (accessed 2020/06/02). US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, National Center for Reforestation, Nurseries, and Genetic Resources.