Difference between revisions of "Silene douglasii"

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* Scientific Name: ''Silene douglasii'' var. ''douglassii''
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* Family: Caryophyllaceae
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* Common Names: Douglas's silene
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* Synonyms/Misapplications: ''Silene douglasii'' var. ''monantha, Silene monantha, Silene multicaulis''
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* Codon: SILDOU
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[[File:SILDOU1.jpg|thumb|Photo Ben Legler 2004]]
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==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
[[File:SIDORodGilbert.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Photo credit Rod Gilbert]]
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{{Taxobox
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| name = Silene douglasii
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
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| subclassis = Caryophyllidae
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| ordo = Caryophyllales
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| familia = Caryophyllaceae
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| genus = '''''Silene''''' L.
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| species = '''''Silene douglasii''''' Hook
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| variety ='''''Silene douglasii''''' var.'''''douglasii'''''
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}}
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
General: Tufted perennial from a stout taproot and branched crown, the numerous, decumbent, simple stems 1-4 dm. tall, densely pubescent throughout.
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Tufted perennial, basal leaves matted, long-petiolate, oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-5 cm. long and 2-7 mm. wide; cauline leaves 1-8 pairs, becoming smaller and sessile above.
Leaves: Basal leaves matted, long-petiolate, oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-5 cm. long and 2-7 mm. wide; cauline leaves 1-8 pairs, becoming smaller and sessile above.
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Flowers: Flowers few, with linear bracts, often remote; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, 12-15 mm. long, becoming papery and enlarged in fruit; petals 5, creamy-white, greenish, pink or purplish; claw 8-12 mm long, the blade oblong, 4-6 mm. long, bi-lobed about ¼ the length; blade appendages 2, oblong, 1 mm. long; ovary stalk 3-4 mm. long; stamens 10; styles 3.
 
Flowers: Flowers few, with linear bracts, often remote; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, 12-15 mm. long, becoming papery and enlarged in fruit; petals 5, creamy-white, greenish, pink or purplish; claw 8-12 mm long, the blade oblong, 4-6 mm. long, bi-lobed about ¼ the length; blade appendages 2, oblong, 1 mm. long; ovary stalk 3-4 mm. long; stamens 10; styles 3.
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Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.  
 
Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.  
  
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii</ref>
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<ref name=":0">WTU
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Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii</ref>
  
 
==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
 
Late May - July
 
Late May - July
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii</ref>
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<ref name=":0" />
  
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
British Columbia to California, east to Montana and Utah; in both the Olympic and Cascades Mountains
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B.C. to California, in the Cacsades and Olympic Mountains, east to western Montana, Nevada and Utah.<ref name=":1">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii</ref>
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
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Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
  
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
Sagebrush plains to mountain slopes
 
Sagebrush plains to mountain slopes
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii</ref>
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<ref name=":1" />
  
 
==Uses==
 
==Uses==
Infusion of roots taken as an emetic for stomach trouble pain; Warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain; Cold infusion used as lotion for coyote bite on man, sheep or horse; Plant used as a horse medicine.
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Nɨwɨ medicine, warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.
<ref>http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Silene%20douglasii</ref>
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''Diné'' medicine, cold infusion used as lotion for coyote bites on man, sheep or horse.
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<ref>Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved
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from http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Silene%20douglasii</ref>
  
 
==Propagation==
 
==Propagation==
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==Photo Gallery==
 
==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
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File:SILDOU2.jpg|Photo Ben Legler
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File:SILDOU3.jpg|Photo Ben Legler
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File:SILDOU4.jpg|Photo Ben Legler
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</gallery>
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==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
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<references />

Latest revision as of 19:45, 2 May 2020

  • Scientific Name: Silene douglasii var. douglassii
  • Family: Caryophyllaceae
  • Common Names: Douglas's silene
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Silene douglasii var. monantha, Silene monantha, Silene multicaulis
  • Codon: SILDOU
Photo Ben Legler 2004

Taxonomy

Silene douglasii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene L.
Species: Silene douglasii Hook
Variety: Silene douglasii var.douglasii

Description

Tufted perennial, basal leaves matted, long-petiolate, oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2-5 cm. long and 2-7 mm. wide; cauline leaves 1-8 pairs, becoming smaller and sessile above.

Flowers: Flowers few, with linear bracts, often remote; calyx tubular, 5-lobed, 12-15 mm. long, becoming papery and enlarged in fruit; petals 5, creamy-white, greenish, pink or purplish; claw 8-12 mm long, the blade oblong, 4-6 mm. long, bi-lobed about ¼ the length; blade appendages 2, oblong, 1 mm. long; ovary stalk 3-4 mm. long; stamens 10; styles 3.

Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.

[1]

Bloom Period

Late May - July [1]

Distribution

B.C. to California, in the Cacsades and Olympic Mountains, east to western Montana, Nevada and Utah.[2]

Habitat

Sagebrush plains to mountain slopes [2]

Uses

Nɨwɨ medicine, warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.

Diné medicine, cold infusion used as lotion for coyote bites on man, sheep or horse. [3]

Propagation

Easily propagated by cutting or seed [4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=douglasii
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://herb.umd.umich.edu/herb/search.pl?searchstring=Silene%20douglasii
  4. http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=SIDO