Difference between revisions of "Silene scouleri"

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[[File:SISC.jpg|thumb|right|300px|''Silene scouleri'' </br> Photo Credit Rod Gilbert]]
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* Scientific Name: ''Silene scouleri'' subsp. scouleri
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* Family: Caryophyllaceae
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* Common Names: Scouler's campion, Scouler's catchfly, wild pink, silene
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* Previous Names/Misapplications:
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* Codon: SILSCO
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[[File:SISC.jpg|thumb|right|300px|''Silene scouleri'' <br> Photo Credit Rod Gilbert]]
  
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
*Kingdom - Plantae – Plants
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{{Taxobox
*Subkingdom - Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
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| name = Silene scouleri
*Superdivision - Spermatophyta – Seed plants
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| regnum = [[Plant]]ae
*Division - Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
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| subregnum = Tracheobionta
*Class - Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
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| phylum = Spermatophyta
*Subclass - Caryophyllidae
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| subphylum= Magnoliophyta
*Order - Caryophyllales
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| classis = Magnoliopsida
*Family - Caryophyllaceae – Pink family
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| subclassis = Caryophyllidae
*Genus - Silene L. – catchfly
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| ordo = Caryophyllales
*Species - Silene scouleri Hook. – simple campion
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| familia = Caryophyllaceae
<ref>http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SISC7</ref>
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| genus = '''''Silene''''' L.
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| species = '''''Silene scouleri''''' Hook
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| subspecies = ''S. scouleri'' subsp. ''scouleri''
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}}
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
General: Erect perennial herb from a simple to branched crown, the stems several, up to 8 dm. tall, densely pubescent throughout and glandular above.
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Erect perennial herb, several stemmed, up to 8 dm tall.  
  
 
Leaves: Leaves opposite, numerous, the basal slender-petiolate, the blades oblanceolate, up to 15 cm. long and 3 cm. wide; cauline leaves 2-8 pairs, reduced gradually upward, becoming sessile above.
 
Leaves: Leaves opposite, numerous, the basal slender-petiolate, the blades oblanceolate, up to 15 cm. long and 3 cm. wide; cauline leaves 2-8 pairs, reduced gradually upward, becoming sessile above.
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Flowers: Flowers numerous, the inflorescence narrow and elongate, consisting of a series of small, congested, lateral cymes; calyx broadly tubular, 5-lobed, 10-18 mm. long; corolla greenish-white to purplish, the claw of the petal 7-16 mm. long, the blade flaring, 4-8 mm. long, from bi-lobed to nearly equally 4-lobed, with 2 appendages at the base, 1-3 mm. long; ovary with a stalk 3-6 mm. long, puberulent to woolly; stamens 10; styles 3.
 
Flowers: Flowers numerous, the inflorescence narrow and elongate, consisting of a series of small, congested, lateral cymes; calyx broadly tubular, 5-lobed, 10-18 mm. long; corolla greenish-white to purplish, the claw of the petal 7-16 mm. long, the blade flaring, 4-8 mm. long, from bi-lobed to nearly equally 4-lobed, with 2 appendages at the base, 1-3 mm. long; ovary with a stalk 3-6 mm. long, puberulent to woolly; stamens 10; styles 3.
  
Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.
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Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.<ref name=":0">WTU
 
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Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri</ref>
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri</ref>
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==Bloom Period==
 
==Bloom Period==
 
June - August
 
June - August
<ref>http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri</ref>
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<ref name=":0" />
  
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
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''S. scouleri'' subsp''. scouleri'' grows in west Cascades, B.C. to California, transitional to ''S. scouleri'' subsp. ''scouleri'' in the east Cascades in Washington and Oregon.<ref>Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
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Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
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==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
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Prairies and open forest, low to moderate elevations
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<ref name=":0" />
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==Uses==
 
==Uses==
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==== First Nations ====
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Nɨwɨ medicine, a warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.<ref>Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=silene+scouleri</nowiki></ref>
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==Propagation==
 
==Propagation==
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Store seeds in refrigerator. Time to germination: 7 days. High percentage germination recorded.
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<ref>Butler, Jennifer; Frieswyk, Christin. 2001. Propagation protocol for production of Silene scouleri seeds; USDI NPS - Rocky Mountain National Park, Estes Park, Colorado. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 14 May 2012). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.</ref>
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==Photo Gallery==
 
==Photo Gallery==
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<gallery>
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File:Wtu027621 md.jpg|Rod Gilbert 2005
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File:SILSCO.jpg|Rod Gilbert 2006
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File:SILSCO1.jpg| Young plant, CNLM
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</gallery>
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==References==
 
==References==
<references/>
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<references />

Latest revision as of 18:43, 2 May 2020

  • Scientific Name: Silene scouleri subsp. scouleri
  • Family: Caryophyllaceae
  • Common Names: Scouler's campion, Scouler's catchfly, wild pink, silene
  • Previous Names/Misapplications:
  • Codon: SILSCO
Silene scouleri
Photo Credit Rod Gilbert

Taxonomy

Silene scouleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene L.
Species: Silene scouleri Hook
Subspecies: S. scouleri subsp. scouleri

Description

Erect perennial herb, several stemmed, up to 8 dm tall.

Leaves: Leaves opposite, numerous, the basal slender-petiolate, the blades oblanceolate, up to 15 cm. long and 3 cm. wide; cauline leaves 2-8 pairs, reduced gradually upward, becoming sessile above.

Flowers: Flowers numerous, the inflorescence narrow and elongate, consisting of a series of small, congested, lateral cymes; calyx broadly tubular, 5-lobed, 10-18 mm. long; corolla greenish-white to purplish, the claw of the petal 7-16 mm. long, the blade flaring, 4-8 mm. long, from bi-lobed to nearly equally 4-lobed, with 2 appendages at the base, 1-3 mm. long; ovary with a stalk 3-6 mm. long, puberulent to woolly; stamens 10; styles 3.

Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.[1]

Bloom Period

June - August [1]

Distribution

S. scouleri subsp. scouleri grows in west Cascades, B.C. to California, transitional to S. scouleri subsp. scouleri in the east Cascades in Washington and Oregon.[2]

Habitat

Prairies and open forest, low to moderate elevations [1]

Uses

First Nations

Nɨwɨ medicine, a warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.[3]

Propagation

Store seeds in refrigerator. Time to germination: 7 days. High percentage germination recorded. [4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  2. Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=silene+scouleri
  4. Butler, Jennifer; Frieswyk, Christin. 2001. Propagation protocol for production of Silene scouleri seeds; USDI NPS - Rocky Mountain National Park, Estes Park, Colorado. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 14 May 2012). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.