Solidago missouriensis

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Solidago missouriensis
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Name: Missouri goldenrod
  • Codon: SOLMIS

Taxnomy

Solidago missoursiensis
Photo by Richard Old, also featured on Main Page
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Solidago L.
Species: Solidago missouriensis Nutt

Description

Glabrous perennial from a creeping rhizome, 2-9 dm. tall.

Leaves tending to be triple-nerved, the basal ones oblanceolate, up to 30 cm. long and 3 cm. wide, the others smaller and becoming sessile upward.

Flowers arranged in long narrow panicles. Involucre 3-5 mm. high, pseudanthium made up of 7-13 ray florets and 8-13 disk florets, yellow.[1][2]

Bloom Period

Late June-October[1]

Distribution

East Cascades, and rarely on prairies on west Cascades, central BC to Oregon, east to Rocky Mountains, Great Plains, and Midwest.[3]

Habitat

Rather dry, open places, from the valleys and plains to fairly high elevations in the mountains.[3]

Uses

Gregory L. Tilford writes that the species within the Solidago genus may be used more or less interchangeably. He writes the greens can be eaten a cooked potherb, with variable palatibility, and the flowers make a nice sweetened tea. Dried leaves and flowers may be used as a styptic agent, and an infusion to reduce mucus production in the bronchi during a cold or flu. The tea is diuretic and regarded by him as a kidney tonic.[4]

Propagation

Plants established by seedlings can be started by sowing seed in containers in January and placed in a greenhouse. Seed should be covered lightly with soil and kept moist until germination. A layer of pea gravel can be applied to the soil surface to prevent seeds from floating. Seeds planted in this manner will begin germination about Day 7 and complete germination by Day 14. [5]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Solidago%20missouriensis
  2. Bowcutt, F., & Hamman, Sarah. (2016). Vascular plants of the South Sound prairies (First ed.). Olympia, Washington: The Evergreen State College Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  4. Tilford, G. L. (1999). Edible and medicinal plants of the west. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co.
  5. Skinner, D. 2004. Propagation protocol for production of container Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Plants; USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman, WA.