Solidago simplex

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Solidago simplex
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Name: sticky goldenrod, Mt. Albert goldenrod
  • Synonyms and misapplications: S. bellidifolia, S. spathulata, S. glutinosa
  • Codon: SOLSIM
Rod Gilbert 2008

Taxonomy

Solidago simplex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: 'Solidago' L
Species: Solidago simplex Kuth

Description

Glabrous perennial herb. Inflorescences spiciform to subracemiform, heads often with long peduncles, phyllaries imbricate, ray flowers often 8, disk flowers often 13. Basal leaves narrowly spatulate to nearly orbiculate, cauline leaves reduced upwards and not very many. [1][2]

Compared to Solidago missourensis and S. canadensis,the leaves are almost entirely basal and wider, and plant is generally shorter.

Bloom Period

June- September

Distribution

Cascades from northern Washington to Central Oregon, Puget Trough, Rocky Mountains south to Arizona, and New Mexico, Great Lakes.[1]

Habitat

Grasslands, prairies, open forest, shorelines, lowland to alpine.

Uses

First Nations

Reference to Nlaka'pamux people using the decoction of S. simplex as a tonic to restore appetite, and a poultice of the powdered leaves as a compress for mumps.[3]

Ecology and Wildlife

Solidago species provide important nectar and pollen sources for bees in late summer.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Solidago%20simplex
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=solidago+simplex