Difference between revisions of "Turritis glabra"

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| ordo = Brassicales
 
| ordo = Brassicales
 
| familia = Brassicaceae
 
| familia = Brassicaceae
| genus = ''Arabis''
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| genus = ''Turritis'' L.
| species = ''A. glabra''
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| species = ''Turritis glabra'' L.
 
| binomial_authority = ''Arabis glabra'' (L.) Benth.
 
| binomial_authority = ''Arabis glabra'' (L.) Benth.
| synonyms = ''Turritis glabra''
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| synonyms = ''Arabis glabra''
 
}}
 
}}
  
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===Plant Description===
 
===Plant Description===
Biennial or short-lived perennial from growing from a simple crown, the stem usually single, simple or branched above, 3-15 dm. tall, The plant is pubescent with stiff, simple hairs at the base, becoming glabrous above.  Leaves are mainly cauline: the basal ones oblanceolate, 3-14 cm. long, usually remotely toothed, the blade narrowed to a short, winged, greenish petiole.  Leaves are pubescent with a mixture of simple and stellate hairs.  The Inflorescence is a many-flowered raceme with slender pedicles. Flowers feature 4 sepals, with 4 cream colored petals. 
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Biennial or short-lived native perennial, stem usually single with stiff hairs below and glabrous above, sometimes branched above.  
Fruits are glabrous, 1-nerved siliques, 6-10 cm. long and 1-1.5 mm. broad.  
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 +
Basal leaves oblanceolate, overlapping, with winged petiole, cauline leaves also strongly overlapping, lanceolate.
  
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Inflorescence is a many-flowered raceme, bearing non-gibbous cream-colored flowers.
 +
 +
Fruits are siliques, appressed to axis of rachis.<ref name=":0">WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum,
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& University of Washington. Retrieved from <nowiki>https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Turritis%20glabra</nowiki></ref><ref>Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. ''E-Flora BC: Electronic''
 +
Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia'' [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced''
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Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia,
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Vancouver. [Accessed:2020-05-09]</ref>
 
===Bloom Period===
 
===Bloom Period===
March to May or May to July.
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May to July.<ref name=":0" />
  
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=== Distribution ===
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British Columbia to northern California, east to the Rocky Mountain states, also grows in Eurasia and Africa.<ref name=":1">Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler,
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B. et al. (2018). ''Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual''.
 +
Seattle: University of Washington Press.</ref>
  
===Distribution===
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=== Habitat ===
British Columbia to northern California, east to the Rocky Mountain states.
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Stream banks to open woodlands, mostly in clearings where often weedy.<ref name=":1" />
  
 +
=== Uses ===
  
===Habitat===
 
Moist soil in open woods and clearings.
 
 
 
===Uses===
 
 
====First Nations====
 
====First Nations====
Drunk as an infusion to prevent colds and general sickness when signs first appear.
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Documentation of Notameohmésêhese or Heévâhetaneo'o use as a general
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preventative medicine and a cold medicine.<ref>Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from <nowiki>http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=arabis+glabra</nowiki></ref>
  
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==== Ecological ====
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Larval host plant for Large Marble butterfly (''Euchloe ausonides'').  <ref>Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. (2012, October 3). ''Arabis Glabra''. Plant Database. <nowiki>https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ARGL</nowiki>.</ref>
  
 
===Seed===
 
===Seed===
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<gallery>
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File: Arabis glabra.jpg|''Turritis glabra'', photo by Lisa Hintz
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File: Arabis glabra single.jpg| ''Turritis glabra'', photo by Lisa Hintz
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</gallery>
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'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
 
'''Seed sample from:''' 2011
  
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'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ARGL-long-crosssection.png]]
 
'''Longitudinal Cross Section:''' elliptical [[File:ARGL-long-crosssection.png]]
 
[[File:Arabis glabra.jpg|300px|thumb|left|''Turritis glabra,'' photo by Lisa Hintz]]
 
 
[[File:Arabis glabra single.jpg|300px|thumb|''Turritis glabra,'' photo by Lisa Hintz]]
 
  
  
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==Photo Gallery==
 
==Photo Gallery==
 +
 
==References==
 
==References==
 +
<references />

Latest revision as of 15:14, 4 June 2020

  • Latin Name: Turritis glabra
  • Family: Brassicaceae
  • Common Names: towermustard, tower rockcress
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: Arabis glabra
  • Codon: TURGLA


Arabis glabra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Brassicales
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Turritis L.
Species: Turritis glabra L.
Synonyms

Arabis glabra


Plant Description

Biennial or short-lived native perennial, stem usually single with stiff hairs below and glabrous above, sometimes branched above.

Basal leaves oblanceolate, overlapping, with winged petiole, cauline leaves also strongly overlapping, lanceolate.

Inflorescence is a many-flowered raceme, bearing non-gibbous cream-colored flowers.

Fruits are siliques, appressed to axis of rachis.[1][2]

Bloom Period

May to July.[1]

Distribution

British Columbia to northern California, east to the Rocky Mountain states, also grows in Eurasia and Africa.[3]

Habitat

Stream banks to open woodlands, mostly in clearings where often weedy.[3]

Uses

First Nations

Documentation of Notameohmésêhese or Heévâhetaneo'o use as a general preventative medicine and a cold medicine.[4]

Ecological

Larval host plant for Large Marble butterfly (Euchloe ausonides). [5]

Seed

Seed sample from: 2011

Average Measurement: 1.3 x 1 x 0.2

Measurement Range: L: 1 - 1.5, W: 0.9 - 1.1, D: 0.1 - 0.3

Features

Shape: Seed narrowly winged with accumbent cotyledons, making the position of the radicle apparent.

Color: Seed wings transparent. Seed brown, darkening towards the hilum.

Surface: Seed coat bumpy and shiny.

Latitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ARGL-lat-crosssection.png

Longitudinal Cross Section: elliptical ARGL-long-crosssection.png


Basic Explanations and Assumptions:

The dimensions for the seeds are length x width x depth. The location of the hilum is used as the base of the seed, and the length is measured from hilum to the opposite apex. Where a style is present, the length is measured from the hilum to the bottom of the style. Width is measured at a right angle to the length at the widest part. Depth is measured at a right angle to the intersection of height and width lines.

Measurements included are the mean average for each measurement of ten separate seeds.

All measurements in millimeters unless otherwise noted.

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Turritis%20glabra
  2. Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:2020-05-09]
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  4. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=arabis+glabra
  5. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. (2012, October 3). Arabis Glabra. Plant Database. https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=ARGL.