Viola glabella

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  • Latin Name: Viola glabella
  • Family: Violaceae
  • Common Names: stream violet, yellow wood violet, pioneer violet
  • Codon: VIOGLA
Viola glabella. Photo by Ben Legler 2004.

Taxonomy

Viola Glabella
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosanae
Order: Malphigiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola L.
Species: Viola Glabella L.

Description

General: Puberulent perennial from widely spreading, scaly, fleshy rhizomes, the flowering stems 5-30 cm. tall, leafless the lower two-thirds.
Leaves: Leaf blades ovate-cordate to reniform, abruptly pointed, the basal leaves with petioles 10-20 cm. long; stipules membranous, ovate to obovate, 5-10 mm. long, entire.
Flowers: Flowers 8-14 mm. long, borne chiefly on the upper part of the stem, on peduncles about as long as the leaves; spur very short; petals clear yellow, the lower 3 with purple penciling, the lateral pair well bearded; style head copiously bearded.
Fruit: Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal, seeds brown.[1]


Bloom Period

Flowering Time: March-July [1]
Crop Intervals: Perennial

Distribution

Both sides of the Cascades in Washington, Alaska to California, east to Montana[2]

Habitat

Moist woods and stream banks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Propagation

Stream violet is easy to establish in woodland gardens. It may reseed and can become somewhat weedy.

References

Image Gallery

  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Viola glabella
  2. Hitchcock, C., Cronquist, Arthur, Giblin, David, Legler, Ben, Zika, Peter F., Olmstead, Richard G., . . . Porcino, Natsuko. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest : An illustrated manual (Second ed.). Seattle: University of Washington Press ; Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture.