Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa

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Viola nuttallii (Pursh) var. praemosa (Douglas ex. Linl.), Family: Violaceae. Canary violet, Upland Yellow Violet, Yellow Montane Violet, formerly V. praemorsa, V, praemosa vars. flavovirens, linguifolia. Codon: VIONUT


Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Class: Rosids
Order: Malgiphiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. nuttallii.
Subspecies: var praemorsa.


General: Perennial from short, erect rhizomes, the stems up to 15 cm. long. Leaves: Leaf blades conspicuously hairy, thick and fleshy, entire, ovate-lanceolate, 5-10 cm. long; petiole 5-15 cm. long; stipules attached to the petiole, the free portion few-toothed.

Flowers: Flowers with peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 8-15 mm. long, yellow, the upper petals brownish-backed, the lower 3 penciled with brownish-purple, the lateral pair bearded; style head bearded, rounded.

Fruit: Fruit a hairy, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Bloom Period



Chiefly west of the Cascades, British Columbia to California.


Ecological Setting-Drier areas, valleys and prairies at low elevations. Moisture Regime-Moist Shade Tolerance-Intolerant



Crop Intervals Perennial


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