Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa

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Photo Anita Goodrich
  • Latin Name: Viola nuttallii (Pursh) var. praemosa (Douglas ex. Linl.)
  • Family: Violaceae
  • Common Names: canary violet, upland yellow violet, yellow montane violet
  • Synonyms/Misapplications: V. praemorsa, V, praemosa vars. flavovirens, linguifolia
  • Codon: VIONUT


Viola nuttallii var. praemorsa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Violales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
Species: V. nuttallii
Subspecies: var praemorsa


General: Perennial from short, erect rhizomes, the stems up to 15 cm. long. Leaves: Leaf blades conspicuously hairy, thick and fleshy, entire, ovate-lanceolate, 5-10 cm. long; petiole 5-15 cm. long; stipules attached to the petiole, the free portion few-toothed.

Flowers: Flowers with peduncles shorter than the leaves; flowers 8-15 mm. long, yellow, the upper petals brownish-backed, the lower 3 penciled with brownish-purple, the lateral pair bearded; style head bearded, rounded.

Fruit: Fruit a hairy, 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal.

Bloom Period



Both sides of the Cascades, into Northern California, east to Montana, Wyoming and Northern Utah.[2]


Grasslands, shrub-steppe, open forest. Moisture Regime-Moist Shade Tolerance-Intolerant

Photo Gallery[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from
  2. Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.