Solidago simplex

From Puget Prairie Plants
  • Scientific Name: Solidago simplex
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Common Name: sticky goldenrod, Mt. Albert goldenrod
  • Synonyms and misapplications: S. bellidifolia, S. spathulata, S. glutinosa
  • Codon: SOLSIM
Rod Gilbert 2008

Taxonomy

Solidago simplex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteranae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: 'Solidago' L
Species: Solidago simplex Kuth

Description

Glabrous perennial herb. Inflorescences spiciform to subracemiform, heads often with long peduncles, phyllaries imbricate, ray flowers often 8, disk flowers often 13. Basal leaves narrowly spatulate to nearly orbiculate, cauline leaves reduced upwards and not very many. [1][2]

Compared to Solidago missourensis and S. canadensis,the leaves are almost entirely basal and wider, and plant is generally shorter.

Bloom Period

June- September

Distribution

Cascades from northern Washington to Central Oregon, Puget Trough, Rocky Mountains south to Arizona, and New Mexico, Great Lakes.[1]

Habitat

Grasslands, prairies, open forest, shorelines, lowland to alpine.

Uses

First Nations

Reference to Nlaka'pamux people using the decoction of S. simplex as a tonic to restore appetite, and a poultice of the powdered leaves as a compress for mumps.[3]

Ecology and Wildlife

Solidago species provide important nectar and pollen sources for bees in late summer.

Gregory L. Tilford writes that the species within the Solidago genus may be used more or less interchangeably. He writes the greens can be eaten a cooked potherb, with variable palatibility, and the flowers make a nice sweetened tea. Dried leaves and flowers may be used as a styptic agent, and an infusion to reduce mucus production in the bronchi during a cold or flu. The tea is diuretic and regarded by him as a kidney tonic.[4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  2. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Solidago%20simplex
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=solidago+simplex
  4. Tilford, G. L. (1999). Edible and medicinal plants of the west. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co.