Silene scouleri

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  • Scientific Name: Silene scouleri subsp. scouleri
  • Family: Caryophyllaceae
  • Common Names: Scouler's campion, Scouler's catchfly, wild pink, silene
  • Codon: SILSCO
Silene scouleri
Photo Credit Rod Gilbert

Taxonomy

Silene scouleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Silene L.
Species: Silene scouleri Hook
Subspecies: S. scouleri subsp. scouleri

Description

Erect perennial herb, several stemmed, up to 8 dm tall.

Leaves: Leaves opposite, numerous, the basal slender-petiolate, the blades oblanceolate, up to 15 cm. long and 3 cm. wide; cauline leaves 2-8 pairs, reduced gradually upward, becoming sessile above.

Flowers: Flowers numerous, the inflorescence narrow and elongate, consisting of a series of small, congested, lateral cymes; calyx broadly tubular, 5-lobed, 10-18 mm. long; corolla greenish-white to purplish, the claw of the petal 7-16 mm. long, the blade flaring, 4-8 mm. long, from bi-lobed to nearly equally 4-lobed, with 2 appendages at the base, 1-3 mm. long; ovary with a stalk 3-6 mm. long, puberulent to woolly; stamens 10; styles 3.

Fruits: Capsule 1-celled.[1]

Bloom Period

June - August [1]

Distribution

S. scouleri subsp. scouleri grows in west Cascades, B.C. to California, transitional to S. scouleri subsp. scouleri in the east Cascades in Washington and Oregon.[2]

Habitat

Prairies and open forest, low to moderate elevations [1]

Uses

First Nations

Nɨwɨ medicine, a warm infusion of pounded plant used as an emetic for stomach pain.[3]

Propagation

Store seeds in refrigerator. Time to germination: 7 days. High percentage germination recorded. [4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. Retrieved from http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Silene&Species=scouleri
  2. Hitchcock, C. L., Cronquist, A., Giblin, D., & Legler, B. et al. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest: an illustrated manual. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  3. Native American Ethnobotany Database. Retrieved from http://naeb.brit.org/uses/search/?string=silene+scouleri
  4. Butler, Jennifer; Frieswyk, Christin. 2001. Propagation protocol for production of Silene scouleri seeds; USDI NPS - Rocky Mountain National Park, Estes Park, Colorado. In: Native Plant Network. URL: http://www.nativeplantnetwork.org (accessed 14 May 2012). Moscow (ID): University of Idaho, College of Natural Resources, Forest Research Nursery.