Viola glabella

From Puget Prairie Plants

Viola glabella. Family: Violaceae. Stream violet, Yellow Wood Violet, Pioneer Violet. Codon: VIOGLA

Viola glabella

Taxonomy

Viola Glabella
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Phylum: Spermatophyta
Subphylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosanae
Order: Malphigiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola L.
Species: Viola Glabella L.

Description

General: Puberulent perennial from widely spreading, scaly, fleshy rhizomes, the flowering stems 5-30 cm. tall, leafless the lower two-thirds.
Leaves: Leaf blades ovate-cordate to reniform, abruptly pointed, the basal leaves with petioles 10-20 cm. long; stipules membranous, ovate to obovate, 5-10 mm. long, entire.
Flowers: Flowers 8-14 mm. long, borne chiefly on the upper part of the stem, on peduncles about as long as the leaves; spur very short; petals clear yellow, the lower 3 with purple penciling, the lateral pair well bearded; style head copiously bearded.
Fruit: Fruit a 3-valved capsule, ovary superior, placentation parietal, seeds brown.[1]


Bloom Period

Flowering Time: March-July
Crop Intervals: Perennial

Distribution

Both sides of the Cascades in Washington, Alaska to California, east to Montana[2]

Habitat

Moist woods and stream banks, low to mid-elevations in the mountains.

Propagation

Stream violet is easy to establish in woodland gardens. It may reseed and can become somewhat weedy.

References

Image Gallery

<gallery> File:VIGL CNLMvol veg 2008 (3).jpg File:VIGL CNLMvol veg 2008 (4).jpg File:VIGL MarionJarisch veg1 avg.jpg File:VIGL PatMontegue veg good.jpg

Image:

  1. WTU Herbarium, Burke Museum, & University of Washington. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection/taxon.php?Taxon=Viola glabella
  2. Hitchcock, C., Cronquist, Arthur, Giblin, David, Legler, Ben, Zika, Peter F., Olmstead, Richard G., . . . Porcino, Natsuko. (2018). Flora of the Pacific Northwest : An illustrated manual (Second ed.). Seattle: University of Washington Press ; Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture.